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WASHINGPLANT PHOTOS


Save water ,
save chemicals , save environment .


» Garments Washing Technique

The Garments washing technique were originally developed for denim garments, but are now being used for a wide variety of different garments types. The mills and commission houses involved in garments processing continuall search for ways to achieve unique new looks. Most of these garment processors have their own individual techniques, the details of which are not divulged. This technical bulletin describes the basic wash, stone wash, enzyme wash etc , techniques used for cotton garments. Any of these procedures can be modified to fit a particular situation, depending upon garment type( i.e. Heavy weight denim versus light weight chambray ) available equipment, and process flow. Also some of these procedures yield garments suitable for overdyeing , which may create a whole new look.


» Why Garments Wash

The principle of garments washing is that garments are washed under a moderate or high temperature and dried with softening in the final rinse. This method aims to improve the comfort and softners and hand feel of the finish garments. It may result in a minor change of garments color or slight color fading due to the use of chemicals. The out come is better control of fabric color in consistency amongst different batches of washed garments . It focuses on garment have a partiality a mild broken-in look and worn/faded on seams. Some unwanted abrasion streaks can be minimized through this garments processing.


» FIBERS

The Textile fiber is the raw material to produce various types of textile finished products. A fiber that can be spun into yarn or processed into textile such as a woven fabric, knit fabric, lace ,felt, non-woven etc by means of an appropriate interlacing method is called as textile fiber.


» Fibers Classify

<*> Natural Fibers ,
<*> Man mad Fibers ,
<*> Synthetic Fibers .



» NATURAL FIBERS

NATURAL FIBERS => natural fibers are greatly elongated substances produced by plants and animals, that can be spun into filaments, the thread or rope,woven, knitted,matted or bonded, they from fabrics that are assential to society.


» MAN MADE FIBERS

MAN MADE FIBERS => man made fibers or chemicals fibers are fibers whose chemical composition. Structure , and properties are significantly modified during the manufacturing process man mad fibers consist of regenerated fibers and synthetic fibers.
Such as nylon, polyester,linen etc.



» Synthetic Fibers

The Synthetic fiber is a linear polymer synthetic raw materials for the chemical fiber collectively. The synthetic fibers now are major role in the textile industry. The use of synthetic fibers at typical addition rates does not require any mix design change. The many varieties of synthetic fibers => Nylon,Dacron, polyester,orlon,wire ETC .


» NAME OF FABRIC

1= Denim,
2= Fleece,
3= Woven,
4= Rib,
5= Pk,
6= Twill,
7= Jersey,
8= Lyon,
9= Lycra,
10= Linen,
11= Muslin,
12= Nylon,
13= Nomex,
14= Neoprene,
15= Paisley,
16= Flora Fleece,
17= Slub Jersey,
18= Viscos,
19= Open Fleece,
20= Vintage Slub,
21= Waffel,
22= Cool Rib,
23= Polar Fleece,
24= Panne Velvet,
25= Poplin,
26= Qiviul,
27= Quilting,
28= Rayon,
29= Raw Silk,
30= Ribbon Lack,
31= Rib weave,
32= Samite,
33= Scrim,
34= Silk noil,
35= Silnylon,
36= Smart wool,
37= Wool,
38= Taffeta,
39= Tartan,
40= Terry,
41= Terry Velour,
42= Toile,
43= Vinyl,
44= Voile,
45= Wadmal,
46= Worsted,
47= Youghal Lace,
48= Zephyr,
49= Zorbeez,
50= Dacron,
51= Cashmere,
52= Lacey,
53= Chiffon,
54= Satin,
55= sateen,
56= Calico,
57= Argule,
58= Jeans,
59= Ty,
60= Chantilly,
61= Heather,
62= Oxford,
63= Raychel,
64= Suede,
65= Brocade,
66= Cambric,
67= Camo,
68= Charmuese,
69= Corduroy,
70= Damask,
71= Dobby,
72= Flax,
73= Gingham,
74= Herring,
75= Loden,
76= Luxe,
77= Madras,
78= Moiree,
79= Ombre,
80= Tencel,
81= Tulle,
82= Barathea,
83= Banaras,
84= Batik,
85= Air Guard,
86= Camlet,
87= Eyelet,
88= Canvas,
89= Capilene,
90= Casement,
91= Cavalry,
92= Charvet,
93= Coutill,
94= Darlexx,
95= Delaine wool,
96= Dotted swiss.
97= Double cloth,
98= mouflon,
99= Drill,
100= Leather..
101= Mohair,
102= Fauxfur,
103= Georgette,
104= Gabadin,
105= Felt,
106= Flannet,
107= Jamdani,
108= Khaki,
109= Irish Linen,
110= Chiffon Duck.



SEE MORE FABRIC NAME

» Why We Created Garments Washing Plant

The Garments washing are mainly done after stitching, wash types usually depends on the product natures and usages. Based on Consumer demand and fashion trend buyer will fix the washing type of any product. The process which is used to transform the outlook appearance, comfort ability and fashion, so we create garments washing plant.
Below the process we processing thise washing plant.



» Name of Garments Wash

1= Garments wash,
2= Heavy Garments wash,
3= Enzyme wash,
4= Tumbl wash,
5= silicon wash,
6= softner wash,
7=Enzyme+silicon wash,
8= stone Enzyme wash,
9= Heavy stone bleach wash,
10= sand wash,
11= rainse wash,
12= Pigment wash,
13= Alkali wash,
14= Acid wash,
15= crinkle wash,
16= snow wash,
17= salt wash,
18= rubber ball wash,
19= tint wash,
20=ENZYME bleach wash,
21= BLEACH wash,
22= Crystal acid wash,
23= P P acid wash,
24= Hand seraping wash,
25= Sand Blasting wash,
26= Micro sanding wash,
27= Grinding wash,
28= Damage wash,
29= Tagging wash,
30= Tagging acid wash,
31= p p colour spray,
32= p p spray,
33= p p spotting,
34= p p hand wash,
35= p p chalk wash,
36= Whiscker wash,
37= Whiscker by sepaping wash,
38= Laser whiscker wash,
39= 3D WHISCKER + P P WASH,
40= Whiscker by clip,
41= white seams wash,
42= Antique wash,
43= Gliter spray wash,
44= Burnout wash,
45= Sprider wash,
46= merble wash,
47= Towell wash,
48= Perlite wash,
49= moon wash,
50= vintage wash,
51= Destroy wash,

52= Fixing Wash ,
53= Oil Wash ,
54= Dischangeble wash ,
55= Brush Wash ,
56= Zigzeg Wash ,
57= Ice wash ,
58= Pattern wash ,
59= Aqurious Wash ,
60= Neutralization wash ,
61= Metal Wash ,
62= Colour Fastness Wash ,
63= Old looking Wash ,
64= Tretment for Destroy Wash ,
65= FORMALDEHYDE WASH ,


» GOOD TO KNOW ALL PROCESS ARE NOT USED ALL OF ANOTHER WASHING PLANT,THEY HAVE THEIR OWN SECRET PROCESS TO PROCESSED . " same chemicals same process they called other name !!!

|============|
| Chemistry for |
| washing plant |
|============|



» All kind of chemicals used before read their MSDS ( material safety data sheet ) and must be used PPE ( personal protective equipment )


» All Kind of Chemicals are harmful , In case of contact with eyes or skins. Rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.

» BURN-OUT WASH

Burnout Wash an Secret process used washingplant done by textile chemicals ( special auxiliary) . World wide many textile used A Full Package Screen Printing ,
Burnout wash uses a chemical process where the cotton fibers are removed from the garment .


1= PERISTAL BO ,
2= ASUSALT ,
3= Synthetic Thickener ,
4= Sodium Bisulfate ,
5= Penetrating Agent ,
6= Glycerin and Water.


Burn-out Photos

CLICK MORE DETAILS

» Desizing

THE DESIZING is an important at the beginning stage in the processing of cotton fabric. Waxes and synthetic water soluble sizes are relatively simply removed from the fabric by scouring in the warm water, and really would not respond to enzyme treatment alone. Enzyme can remove the starch-based sizes, and the benefit is not causing any physical chemical damage on the material. Even starch and cellulose are they are different in the way that these units are linked that amylases have no effect on cellulose and cellulases have no result on the starch. Starch is a combination of two similar carbohydrates of differing molecular size and shape, amylopectin and amylase. Starch can be mode to swell in water to from gel when it is meet the hot water, thus there can remove starch successfully from the fabric. As the progress of size removal can most conveniently be followed by iodine coloration, the unhydrolysed starch can provid an intense purple- blue color, while glucose gives no colour.


» Desizing Process

Garments load into machine and rainse wash. Then Desizing =>
1= Desizing agent 2 G/L.
2= Sodium carbonate 5 G/L.
3= Anti-Back staining agen 2 G/L.
Temperature 60'c or 70'c Rotation Time 15 minute or 30 minute depended upon on in the shade. Drop and rainse 2 time.
If garment batch before shade reddish don't used exess sodium carbonate .



» Detergents

The Detergent is used to remove impurities from the garments fabric surfaces and temperature helps detergent to enhance its action. During coming these impurities , some pigment dyed or printed area of the garments as a result fading affect will be developed.


» Detergents or Desizing Agents

1= Powder detergents,
2= Deter PAL LA,
3= Proder LES,
4= Seycote SR 50,
5= Proder OL-EC/1,
6= Proder Sl,
7= Proder SCPC-LF,
8= Rucogen WBL,
9= Felosan NOF,
10= Felosan RGN,
11= Desizel 40,
12= Seycote SR 25 R,
13= Desize 20K,
14= Desize 2K,
15= Seyco LUBE SMF,
16= Imerol DLJ LIQ 200 ,



» Enzyme

The Enzyme is an process that removes fuzz and eliminates pilling in cellulosic fabric. The enzyme performs a controlled hydrolysis of the cellulosic fibres in order to modify the fabric surface. This keeps the garments looking new even after repeated washes. It also enhances colour ,feel and drapability its effects are permanent, without involving chemical coating of the fiber.
Microfibrils break and protrude from the surface. Microfibrils become frayed a the ends of the microfibrils become entangled forming small pills. Enzyme removes microfibrils from the surface of the Garments.

Enzymes used for effect and finish textiles fibres.
The use of enzymes in the textile industry in an example of white/industrial biotechnology, which allows the development of environmentally friendly technologies in fibre processing and strategies to improve the final product quality. The consumption of energy and raw-materials, as well as increased awareness of environmental concerns related to the use and disposal of chemicals into landfills, water or release into the air during chemical processing of textiles are the principal reasons for the application of enzymes in finishing of textile materials.



» Type of Enzyme


1= Catalase,
2= Amylase,
3= Glucose oxidase,
4= Laccase,
5= Cellulase,
6= Lipase,
7= Glucosyltransferase,
8= Mannanase,
9= Pectinase,
10= Phytase,
11= Protease,
12= Pullulanase,
13= Xylanase,
14= Pectate Lyase,
15= Alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase,
16= Glucose isomerase,



» Enzyme From

( 1 ) Liquid ,
( 2 ) Powder ,



» Enzyme Classifications

(|) Acid Enzyme ,
(||) Neutral Enzyme ,
(|||) Cold Neutral Enzyme ,
(|V) Hybrid Enzyme .



» AMYLASE ENZYME

Amylase Enzymes = > For De-sizing , it used specially Denim washing plant , mostly after desizing process then used.


» Amylase Enzyme Agents

1= Destreaker RTG ,
2= Destreaker ZB ,
3= Destreaker CONC ,



» Acid Enzyme

The Acid enzyme colour is slightly brown. PH range must be 4.5 to 5.5. Temperature 40'c to 55'c time 25 minute to 50 minute. Enzyme affects come to short time. Staining or bleeding occurs mere in production high.


» Acid Enzyme agents

1= Eco stone c,
2= Eco stone HPL 1800,
3= Eco stone L900,
4= Celzyme SPI,
5= Celzyme SPI-H/C,
6= Celzym MXL 1000,
7= SOKO STON,
8= Mega BR 90 PLUS,
9= Primafast 100,
10= Cottones BT,
11= Podopl Bio-x ,
12= Ecopac super ,
13= Biopol ,
14= BiopoL AX ,
15= BIOPOL ULTIMA ,
16= ECOPAC ,
17= Eco wash UL ,
18= Deniwash ,
19= Deniwash super ,
20= Ecopac 100 ,



» DENIM BIO POLISHING ENZYME

The Bio Polishing enzyme suitable for Denim garments washingplant , Removing garments hair. The Bio polishing with finishing of heavy compact fabrics , always used denim washing . The Bio polishing is an enzymatic process for finish of cellulosic materials such as cotton,linen,viscose,ramie and their blends with synthetic fibres. It is a process that removes fuzz and eliminates pilling in cellulosic garments .


» DENIM BIO POLISHING ENZYME AGENTS

1= Biopol Ultra ,
2= Bio polish B12 ,
3= Americos D9E4 ,
4= Multizyme Ultra ,
5= Bio polish EC ,
6= TLP SOFT ,
7= Enzycare NDK ,
8= BIO POLISH B12 R ,
9= Multizyme ultra super ,
10= Bio polish AL ,
11= BIO POLISH 2100L ,
12= BIO POLISH 800L ,
13= Atb 96L ( NEUTRAL ) ,
14= BIO POLISH B600 ,
15= Multizyme 120L ,
16= MULTIZYME ULTRA SL ,
17= DENZYME SL3 ( NEUTRAL ) ,
18= RETROCELL PLX ( ACID CELLULASE ) ,
19= RETROCELL BPL ( ACID CELLULASE ) ,
20= RETROCELL PL 6X ,
21= TS-12 ( NEUTRAL ) ,
22= sukal 1000 ( acid cellulase ) ,
23= Retrocell PT ( ACID CELLULASE ) ,
24= RETROCELL PL ECO ( NEUTRAL ) ,
25= RETROCELL PL NEO ( NEUTRAL ) ,
26= EZYCARE MF PLUS ( NEUTRAL ) ,
27= RETROCELL NEOP ( CONTROLLED Back staining and bio polising ),
28= DHK Q1535 ( High concentrated ) .



» Neutral Enzyme

* Neutral Enzyme *

Without ph check. Neutral enzyme from powder or liquid. Ph 6-7 and temperature 40'c to 60'c. Time 45 minute to 80 minute. Enzyme affect come slowly. Lees staining or bleeding on garments. With pumic stone come better affect. In dark shade enzyme affect comes good.
Neutral enzyme are always and mostly used for denim stone washing.



» Neutral Enzyme agents

1 = Renzyme 400 NP ( powder ) ,
2 = Ecozyme 400 HBNL ( Liquid ) ,
3 = soaping enzyme LAEEN 40 ( powder ) ,
4 = Ecoston c10 ( powder ) ,
5 = Ecostone F7 ( powder ) ,
6 = Nova stone PN ( powder ) ,
7 = Fiberzyme G4 ( powder ) ,
8 = Nova stone T Grains ( powder ) ,
9 = Eco stone A400 anylase ( liquid ) ,
10= TLP ( powder ) ,
11= SL ( liquid ) ,
12= Biopol Neutra ,
13= Podo Ned-m ,
14= PODOSTN NED-G ,
15= Zymax ,
16= Zymax 500 ,
17= Zymax Super ,
18= Can 2010 ,
19= Zn 500 ,
20= Neutrazyme ,
21= Biopol-NEUTRA ECO ,
22= ATB 96 L ,
23= ATB NLT EXTRA (POWDER) ,



» Cold Neutral Enzyme

* Cold Neutral Enzyme *

cold enzyme affect come slowly. Lees staining or bleeding on garments.
when you should used cold enzyme ? When your garments are super white same time used or Depend-on upon shade.
Ph 5.5-7 no need ph check. Temperature 20'c to 40'c . Time 20 minute to 40 minute.



» Cold Neutral Enzyme agents

1= Denifine SP6 ( POWDER ),
2= Easyzyme ,
3= Novozyme ,
4= Ecostone Czyme 50 ,
5= Innozyme CSC ,
6= Bioprime LCNS 2508 ,
7= Denifade-NT ,
8= Bioprime LCNS 3804 ,
9= Iglazyme SN-06 ,
10= Bioprime LCNS 6801 ,
11= Iglazyme SN-68 ,
12= Bioprime Lcnz 1005 ,
13= Iglazyme SP-17 , ( powder)
14= Bioprime LCNS 7512 , ( powder)
15= BIOPRIME LCNX 100 , ( powder)



» HYBRID ENZYME

The Hybrid enzyme used in the washing plant for multi work purpose. Biopolishing,Bleach Cleanup and Hydrogen peroxide ( H202 ) Neutralization are possible in one step. Time saving water saving and energy saving. Wibe pH range so there is no need to adjust ph can be used just as effectively before dyeing. Maintains higher tensile strength. High degree of reproducibility and reliability. It product for doing peroxide killing and anti pilling in the same baths and time by shortening the normal process cycle.
PH RANGE 4.5 TO < 7 . Temperature 45'c to 55'c-65'c . Dosage Depend on the product selected



» HYBRID ENZYME AGENTS

1= Cellcat Combi ,
2= Combi II ,
3= ECO STONE HPP 5000 ,
4= Bioprime LNCC 3210 ,
5= Bioprime LNCC 4416 ,
6= Denim Wash sL ,
7= Bioprime LNCO 3210 ,
8= Powermax- sL ,
9= BIOPRIME LNCO 4416 ,
10= Cellusoft Combi 9800L ,



» Specific Enzyme For Wool

1= Nova stone WO ,
2= Product GA ,
3= Americos Protease XL ,
4= XIANHUA-SH ,
5= Novopept Ws ,
6= Novopept Gentle ,



Few Kind of enzyme during process flow then incress temperature to 80'c or 90'c and Rotation 3 Minute for Enzyme Killing

» Anti Back Staining

The Denim garments are looked at as a major trend setter by our youth. The spread of denim culture all over the world brought with it a trend of fast changing fashions.
*when anti back staining agent used => During variety wash or enzyme wash and desizing bath need anti-back staining agent . Cellulase is degraded and indigo dye is released for instance the cellulase enzyme are temporarily bound for the cellulase by means of an anchor.

Denim and its various item like pants, shirts, jackets, belts, caps etc are the most preferred clothing for todays youth. This study discusses composition and methods of reducing or preventing back staining of indigo dyes on the weft yarn and pocket of denim garments. The dye are it is removed from the denim material post treatment with cellulase or by a conventional washing process may cause back staining or re-deposition on the denim material. Re colouration of blue threads and blue colouration of white threads resulting in less contrast between the blue and white thread.



» Anti Back Staining Agent

1= Depisol AB-SR,
2= Ezycare clear max,
3= ABLP PLUS,
4= Depisol Prime,
5= Ezycare max clean,
6= Seyco Sperse 801,
7= Depisol HPA,
8= Deter Pal TSK,
9= LP 30 POCKET,
10= Clear mxs,
11= Depisol PPA ,
12= Crytex ABS ,
13= ANTI-STAIN ( Powder ),
14= Denispers ABS CONC,
15= Dinispers Disper,
16= GDS back staining,
17= Denispers ABS - 609,
18= Perfecto GWP 5010 PR,
19= Denispers DCD conc,
20= Ledigal BKS ( POLYAMIDE) ,
21= Denispers TP 6 ,
22= Asutol ABK ,
23= ASUTOL BJ ESC ( FLAKES ) ,
24= Asutol FPJ 3B ,



» Anti Foams

The Foaming problem are major problem some mordiente or pigment dyeing such as mordiente PIM. When you facing this foaming problem to eliminate the problem. It is required to control foaming by careful optimization of process parameters, and by using a De-foamin/anti foaming agent etc.
De-Foaming agent are describes a product that is added to destroy existing foam.
* Antifoam agent are an product that is added to a system in order to prevent the foam from occurring. The distinction between two terms is generally avoided, as every De-foaming agent has some Anti-foaming properties and every antifoaming agent has some De-foaming properties.



» Type of Anti foam

The Anti foaming agents are two types=> (|) De-Foaming Agent , (||) Anti foam Agent , Both are foam control admin.


» Anti Foam Agent

1= Rapidoprint CT AF,
2= TUBIcoad BS,
3= TUBI R,
4= rapi SC 10
5= Anti foams SFR,
6= Anti foams R 100,
7= Anti foams R 200,
8= Anti foams NS,
9= Anti foams PJ NEW,
10= Anti foams DMS-10,
11= Anti foams BR/P,
12= Anti foams NCS,
13= Anti foams R/P,
14=Anti foams S-HT,
15=Anti foams PRODER MAC,
16= CHT K 50,
17= CHT MI ,
18= Nofome 1125,
19= Kollasol AD,
20= NOFOME AF,
21= KOLLASOL CDA,
22= NOFOME C,
23= KOLLASOL CDO,
24= NOFOME DP,
25= NOFOME HS,
26= PODOFMO SU-E,
27= RESPUMIT BA 2000,
28= PODOFMO SU-P,
29= RESPUMIT NF 01,
30= NOFOME HT ( for high temperature dyeing )
31= ANTI FOAM DMS-10 ,
32= Anti foam BR / P ,
33= PRODER M A.C ,
34= ANTI FOAM NCS ,
35= Anti foam R / P ,
36= ANTI FOAM S-HT ,



» Optical Brightener ( Fluorescent dyeing )

An fluorescent substance added to detergents in order to produce a whitening effect on washing plant.
Brighteners also know as optical brighteners fabric whitening agents. Fluorescent whitening agents ( FWA ) ,fluorescent dyes that glow blue-white when exposed to ultraviolet ( UV ) light. The blue-white colour makes yellowed fabrics appear white.

» Brightener For Cotton

Optical Brightner Agent For Cotton

1= Seyco White BRU ( reddish ),
2= Americos XBL ( Bluish ),
3= Sirrix SB ( Blackish ),
4=Seyco white AFT CONC ( off white ),
5= Signo white BHV ( Bluish ),
6= Signo white 2BX ( yelloish ),
7= Sun white ( super white ),
8= Techno bright L,
9= Tubiprint white K80,
10= Tubiprint white 500 AV,
11= White 24,
12= Tubiprint white k70,
13= Uvitex BHV,
14= Symo white 4BK,
15= Super Shine Blue Brightner( powder) ,
16= Super Shine Red Brightner ( powder ) ,

17= Uvitex BBT Liquid ( Blue Brightner ) ..


» Polyester Brightener

Optical Brightener for all Fiber.

1= Ultraphore BN ( Liquid bluish) ,
2= Uvitex BHT ( Liquid ) ,
3= Ultra phore SPG ( Liquid ) ,
4= Ultraphore SFR ( Liquid slightly reddish) .
5= Ultraphor SFG ( Liquid slightly Greenish ) ,
6= Ultraphor RN ( Liquid slightly Reddish ) ,
7= Asublanc B 110 ( Whiteness ) ,
8= Asublanc PA-MB ,
9= ASUBLANC PA-V ,
10= Asublanc PAV-M3 ,
11= asublanc PF 200 % ,
12= ASUBLANC PF-M ,
13= Sirix SB (LIQUID and POWDER FROM) .

» SCOURING FOR FABRIC

Raw textile materials in their natural from have addivives dirt, soil, oil,wax,fat,gum,husks and other impurities that are not suitable for clothing making. Scouring is the process which removes all. Pesticides , fungicides , worm killers etc are also there in these raw material. The removal of these matters is Called scouring. It is done by adding suitable wetting agents, alkali or other chemicals. After scouring the fabric gives better wetting and penetration properties.
» Scouring Process

GARMENTS LOAD INTO MACHINE , AND FILLING WATER AND START ROTATION OR CHEMICALS DOSING ABREAST ADD TEMPERATURE 210'F.
0= Scouring agents , and
1= SODIUM HYDROXIDE ( Na0H ) 3 G/L.
2= SODIUM CARBONATE ( Na2c03 ) 5 G/L.
3= DETERGENTS AGENTS - 3 G/L. WHEN UP TAMPERATURE 177'F THEN ADD CHEMICALS
4= HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ( H2o2) 2 G/L. ROTATION AGAIN TOTAL ROTATIN TIME 15 MINUTE TO 30 MINUTE 210'F. CHECK AND DROP AND RAINS TWO TIME. NEUTRAL BY ACID ( CH3C00H ) 1 G/L COLD WASH 5 MINUTE. DROP AND RAINSE TWO TIME. OK . Other wise used another process.

» DYEING AUXILIARIES ( LEVELING )

The Levelling agents are also widely used as stripping agents, either alone for non-destructive desorption or together with reducing agents such as sodium dithionite for destructive stripping. Levelling agents act in a similar manner as the carriers with respect to the interaction with the dye. Equilibrium effect and migration effect. They do not interact with the fiber, thus have no role in accelerating the dyeing process. They also have lower effect on migration as compared to carriers. The role of dyeing auxiliaries such as carriers and levelling agents in the dyeing of pigment dyeing , polyester dyeing , disperse dyeing in high or low temperature dyeing machines well known. Calculated and optimal dosase and application of the auxiliaries were documented by calculating the acceleration factor.
Dye exhausted with auxiliary / Dye exhausted without auxiliary. Many but not all levelling agents promote migration of dye in addition to retarding dyeing. Such agents will obviously be a further aid to level dyeing.

» Levelling for REACTIVE Dyeing

Reactive dyeing levelling agents >>

1= Levegal RL,
2= Avolan Rw,
3= Sarabid MIP,
4= Migregal WA-10,
5= Migregal WB ,
6= Enviram LevRD ,
7= Asugal pw ,
8= ASUGAL A ,
9= asugal CDL ,
10= solubilizante react 200/p ,
11= Oxinol A-24 ,

» CATANIZER For Pigment Dyeing

>> Pigment Dyeing Catanizer *

1= Semol Fs,
2= Semol Ws,
3= merigal AM,
4= Barrynon N-10,
5= Esqual Ns,
6= Asufix FPI,
7= Asuprend Ws,
8= Mordiente PIM,
9= Asudel WMS,
10= Denimcol OS,
11= LeveGAL 221 ,
12= Mordiente BRG ( 40'C TEMPERATURE ) ,
13= RACFIX HM 38 M ,
14= VCOFIX HC 40 ,
15= Predye RMC ,
16= Acramine Prefix K ,
17= Near Stone 872 ,


» Catanizer for Mordant Dyeing (CAT)

1= Near Stone BRX ,
2= Mordiente M New ,
3= Mordiente M ALT CON ,
4= Mordiente Del / J ,
5= Denimcol Fix OS ,
6= Lava Con LDA ,
7= Mordiente MAC ,
8= Mordiente MAC MOD ,
9= Linex HW ,



» Others Dyeing Levelling

Others dyeing levelling agent are used varieties dyeing such as Rapid dye, nylon dye, disperse dye etc
.
1= Benzoate Ester,
2= Levegal BLD ,
3= LEVEGAL ED,
4= MIGREGAL N-11,
5= AVOLAN PAZF

» Levelling For polyester Dyeing

>> POLYESTER DYEING LEVELLING AGENTS *

1= Succinol CS ,
2= Avolan IS,
3= Migregal N-11,
4= AVOLAN IW,
5= Aclan KTN,
6= AVOLAN IW E,
7= MIGREGAL 3N,
8= AVOLAN UL 75,
9= ESQUAL T-150,
10= LEVEGAL FTSK,
11= Albatex LD,
12= LEVEGAL PL,
13= ESQUAL T 300,
14= Levegal LPA 01,
15= LAVEGAL MDL,
16= LAVEGAL PAZF.
17= Baso Winch PEL ,
18= Osimol ROL ,
19= UNIPEROL EL ,
20= Prote-GAT DP505 ,
21= Leveller XLF ,
22= Turquo EL ,
23= Zyperse DBC

» LEVELLING FOR WOOL DYEING

» Levelling agents for Wool Dyeing *

1= Avolan AV 200%.
2= AVOLAN IL,
3= AVOLAN RW,
4= Avolan SCN,
5= AVOLAN SN,
6= Migregal WA-10,
7= Migregal wB,
8= Avolan UL 75,
9= Migregal N-22,
10= MIGREGAL 2N,
11= Podowool DTR.
12= Asugal CPA NUEVO ,
13= asugal FT 30 NUEVO LF ,
14= ASUGAL KPA 90 ,
15= ASUGAL SC-40 ,

» Buffer ( pH Controler )

The Buffering agent can either an weak acid or weak base. Some company called Buffering agen as pH regulator. Buffering agents are usually added to water to from a buffer solution.which only slightly changes its PH in response to other acids and bases being combined with it particularly a strong acid or a strong base.Buffer is used in washing plant for PH control of desizing bath,Enzyme bath,softener bath or etc.
Buffer are Concentrated liquid that maintain pH from 4.5 to <7 . Buffer maintains consistent pH During abrasion cycle allowing cellulase enzymes to operate in optimum conditions.may also be used to lower the pH of softener bath for better exhaustion.

»Buffering Agents

1= Stacid EQ,
2= Desoquest IO,
3= Kappacid AD,
4= Stacid INA,
5= Seyco buffer 480 ( ph 4.5),
6= seyco buffer 550 ( ph 5.5) ,
7= Desoquest I0 lq,
8= Kappacid BSP,
9= RUCO-ACID ABS 200,
10= Exoline 3H,
11= Ruco-acid AT-C,
12= Exoline 4000 WEL,
13= Ruco-acid AZL,
14= Setacid NV-C,
15= RUCO-acid CPS,
16= RUCO-ACID EAT ,
17= Tanacid AB( POLYESTER,WOOL DYE) ,
18= Cht puffer FBA,
19= TANACID ADP ,
20= NEUTRAACID NCS ,
21= TANACID NAC ,
22= NEUTRAACID NVM 200 ,
23= TANACID SAB ,
24= Neutraacid PAT ,
25= Tanacid UNA ,
26= Neutraacid wsg ,
27= Tanacid 1115 ,
28= Buffer PB ( PH 4.5 TO 5.5 ) ,
29= BUFFER R LIQ ,
30= Buffer s liq ,
31= BUFFER TPC POLVO , ( PH 7 ) ,
32= Buffer 5 ( pH 5.5 ) ,
33= Kleerix NAC ,

» CREAS MARK

The Anti-creasing agent used in washing plant for dyeing bath and Many garments design process such as Hand print , art line , ink spray etc. Anti creasing excellent dye dispersibility strong lubricant capacity and well stability against acid,alkali and hard water. It typically from liquid and powder.anti creasing are major problem in washing plant , Tolkar dyeing machine, Jet dyeing machine, Danish dyeing machine transport the long sleave Tee Shirt or Pant , knitt fabric ( lacra, single jersey ) by made women pant , When dyeing without crease inhibitors crease mark inevitable. To avoid the creasing problem you should be used anti-creasing agent .
» Anti-Crease Mark / Lubricating Agents

1= Enviram Anticrease ,
2= Podocrs 2002 ,
3= Lubomaxima ,
4= Podocrs TSE ,
5= Lubmax SPL ,
6= Podocrs EXT ,
7= BIAVIN 109 ,
8= Viscavin 5700 ,
9= Polyacryl-AMIDE ,
10= Biavin BPA ,
11= Crylube TA ,
12= BIAVIN DFG ,
13= MATLUBE DBL ,
14= Biavin TCC ,
15= MATLUBE YLW ,
16= Biavin PCV ,
17= MATLUBE sew ,
18= Setalub MDL ,
19= MATLUBE LRT ,
20= Denimcol Lube BPA ,
21= SETALUB SR-L ,
22= SETALUB ACA ,
23= TANALUBE FF ,
24= SETAPOLYMER 399 ,
25= SETALUB C2G-N ,
26= TANALUBE CO ,
27= PERSOFTAL LU ,
28= TANALUBE CME ,
29= Persoftal L ,
30= Kololube AC ,
31= Kololube PLA ( POWDER ) ,
32= Asulit ES ,
33= asulub TRA ,
34= ASULIT PA-NI ,
35= ASULIT PAC ,
36= Asumin P-CA ,
37= ASULIT PC CONC ,
38= ASULIT MSF ,
39= Asulit PREND ,
40= ASUMIN PC-HT ,
41= asulit SI CONC ,
42= ASUMIN PE 35 ,
43= ASUMIN PF-P ,
44= Lubrimax TLE ,
45= Oxinol LLS .

» Garments Dyeing

Garment dyeing is the process of dyeing fully fashioned garments such as T-shirt, pants, pullovers, jeans, sweaters, dresses, bathrobes, casual jackets, shirts, skirts, hosieries, subsequent to manufacturing as opposed to the conventional method of manufacturing garments from pre-dyed fabrics. Most garments are made of cotton knit goods and / or cotton woven fabrics, although several other fabrics can be found in the whole or in part such as wool , nylon, and others. Due to cost savings and fashion trends, garment dyeing has been gaining importance and popularity in the past years and will continue to do so in the future .
» Why Need The Garments Dyeing

Traditionally, garments are construted from fabrics that are pre dyed (piece dyed) before or after the actual cutting and sewing. The advantage of this process is the cost effectiveness of mass producing identical garments of particular colours. A major drawback with this approach is the risk associated with carrying a large inventory of a particular style or colour in today's dynamic markets.
» Name Of Dyeing

1= Pigment Dyeing,
2= Direct Dyeing,
3= Indirect Dyeing,
4= Reactive Dyeing,
5= Gel Dyeing,
6= Splatter Dyeing,
7= Tie Dyeing,
8= Deep / Dip Dyeing,
9= Neon Dyeing,
10= Denim / Indigo Dyeing,
11= Oil Dyeing,
12= Wave Dyeing,
13= Cold Dyeing,
14= Batik Tie Dyeing,
15= Ice Dyeing,
16= Dirty Dyeing,
17= Smoke Dyeing,
18= Over Dyeing,
19= Mordant Dyeing,
20= Sulpher Dyeing,
21= Towell Dyeing,
22= Azo Dyeing,
23= Salt free Dyeing,
24= Dischanger Dyeing,
25= Disperse Dyeing,
26= Vat Dyeing,
27= Multi Dyeing,
28= Acid dyeing,
29= Natural Dyeing,
30= Cationic Dyeing,
31= Non-cationic Dyeing,
32= Canvas Dyeing,
33= Sprider net Dyeing ,
34= washeble Dyeing,
35= Soko Dyeing,
36= Ink Dyeing,
37= White Dyeing,
38= Water free Dyeing,
39= Dope Dyeing,
40= spalter Dyeing,
41= water spot Dyeing,
42= Rapid Dyeing,
43= Thermosol Dyeing ,
44= Faulty Dyeing ,
45= Leather Dyeing ,
46= Naphtol Dyeing ,
47= Solution Dyeing ,
48= White Seams Dyeing ,
49= spun tie dyeing ,
50= Sprinkle Dyeing .

Name of Dyes traders used world wide washingplant or Textiles
» PIGMENT DYES TRADERS

1= Flexonyl ,
2= Printofix ,
3= Asuprint ,
4= Helizarin ,
5= Asudel , ( acid dye )
6= Asudel w , ( Reactive dye ) ,
7= Lepton ,
8= Bezafluor ,
9= Bezaprint ,
10= Impeon ,
11= Pigmaset ,
12= Torotex pp ,
13= Pigment aluminium Past ,
14= Pigment Minerprint ,
15= Pigment Minersil ,
16= Flexonyl RS ,
17= COLORDUR ,
18= Versal ,
19= Versaprint ,
20= Versanyl ,
21= Rykobar ,
22= spoloxyl ,
23= Dutex ,
24= Profab ,
25= Chrome Pigment ,
26= Victory Bangla neon ,
27= Racfix dr neon ,
28= VICTORY BANGLA ,
29= Zibu Pigment ,
30= Europrint .


» Acid Dyes Traders

1= Bemacid E-TL ,
2= Egacid ,
3= Bemacid N-TF ,
4= BEMACRON ,
5= Bemacid N ,
6= Bemaplex ,
7= Bemacid F ,
8= Bemalan ,
9= Bemacid E ,
10= Lanasyn ,
11= Bemacid P ,
12= Asudel ,
13= Nylacid ,
14= Corial ,
15= Eukesolor ,
16= Colaris acid ,
17= Diamond ,
18= Isolan ,
19= Jettex ,
20= Supralan ,
21= Telon ,
22= Everacid ,
23= Everjet ,
24= Everfur ,
25= Everlan ,
26= Erionyl ,
27= Lanacron ,
28= Lanaset ,
29= Neolan ,
30= Tectilon ,
31= Sinolan ,
32= Nyloset ,
33= Nylosan ,
34= Optilan ,
35= Asumet ,
36= Corial EM ,
37= Luganil ,
38= Everset ,
39= Rybacid ,
40= Chromolan ,
41= Ostalan ,
42= Ostaln S ,
43= Rylan ,
44= Lanegal ,
45= Acid Colour .

» Mordant Dyes Traders

1= Alizarine ,
2= Chrome ,
3= Asudel ,
4= Asudel w ,
5= Helizarine ,


» Reactive Dyes Traders

1= Bezaktiv ,
2= Drimaren ,
3= Asudel w ,
4= Bezaktiv s-LF,
5= Colaris Reactive ,
6= Bezaktiv S-MAX ,
7= JETTEX R ,
8= Bezaktiv V ,
9= Lava dye ,
10= Bezaktiv S-MATRIX ,
11= Lava Fix ,
12= Procion ,
13= Realan ,
14= Remazol ,
15= Evercion ,
16= Everset ,
17= Everzol ,
18= Avitera ,
19= Eriofast ,
20= Lanasol ,
21= Novacron ,
22= Colvazol ,
23= Dyewash ,
24= Setactive ,
25= Setazol ,
26= Refazol ,
27= Bezaktiv Cosmos ,
28= Everfur ,
29= Everlan ,
30= Ostazin H ,
31= Ostazin Ij ,
32= Ostazin V ,
33= Multibond ,
34= ReactoFIX ,
35= Reactive G/yellow BFRL ,
36= Pro MX ,
37= Sabracron F,
38= PRO H .

» Direct Dyes Traders

1= Tubantin ,
2= Optasol ,
3= Bezacryl ,
4= Indosol ,
5= Asufast ,
6= EverDirect ,
7= Everlan black NB ,
8= Solophenyl ,
9= Moder Direct ,
10= CI Direct ,
11= Direct Green 26-250 ,
12= Sirius ,
13= Saturn ,
14= Rybacel D ,
15= Rybacel E .

» Cationic Dyes Traders

1= Maxilon ,
2= Setacryl ,
3= Coriumine ,
4= Asucryl ,
5= Bezacryl ,
6= Astrazon ,

» Leather Dyes Traders

1= Chrome ,
2= Coriacide ,
3= Coriastel ,
4= Fourane ,
5= Inoderme ,
6= Leather ,
7= Lustracide ,
8= Korostan ,
9= Sukran Black BG .

» VAT DYES TRADERS

1= Bezathren ,
2= Indanthren ,
3= Novasol ,
4= Setanthrene ,
5= Vat ,
6= Ostanthren ,
7= Techthrene .

» Sulpher Dyes Traders

1= Diresul ,
2= Optisul ,
3= Sulfotex ,
4= Cassulfon ,
5= Sulpher Black BR ,

» Dispersing Dyes Traders

1= Bemacron Hp ,
2= Jettex D ,
3= Bemacron RS ,
4= Setapers ,
5= Bemacron HP-LTD ,
6= Lonsperse ,
7= Bemacron S ,
8= Teratop ,
9= Bemacron HP ,
10= TERASIL ,
11= BEMACRON SEL ,
12= Lyosperse ,
13= Bemacron P ,
14= Dianix ,
15= Bemacron SE ,
16= Colaris Disperse ,
17= Bemacron CA ,
18= Asuperse ,
19= Foron ,
20= Bemacron E ,
21= Foron Brilliant ,
22= Asuprint ,
23= Foron Rubine .

» Denim / Indigo Dyes Traders

1= Dystar Indigo 4b ,
2= Dystar Indigo coat ,
3= Seyco Indigo ,
4= Dystar vat 40%SOLUTION ,
5= Dystar Vat 60%GRAINS .

» NAPHTOL DYES TRADERS

1= Fast ,
2= Naphtol

» The variety of fabric or commonly used dyeing

The variety of the fabric and most or commonly used dyeing.
1= Cellulose Fiber => Pigment dyeing , Direct Dyeing , Reactive Dyeing.
2= Wool Fiber=> Acid Dyeing.
3= Silk Fiber=>Direct Dyeing, Acid Dyeing.
4= Polyester=> Azo Dyeing, Disperse Dyeing.
5= Polyester+Cotton Fiber=>Dispers Dyeing, Vat Dyeing, Insluble Dyeing.
6= Polyacrylonitrile Fiber=> Cationic Dyeing, Acid Dyeing, Dispers Dyeing.
7= Polyacrylonitrile+wool=> Cationic Dyeing, Acid Dyeing.
8= Virylon Fiber=> Direct Dyeing, Vat Dyeing, Sulpher Dyeing, Acid Dyeing.

Chemical For Garments Washingplant

Day by day improve our fashion by varieties methods,such as Dyeing,Printing, Grinding,Acid wash,Bleach wash Etc.Today's maybe want to share an important chemical which are widely used many Garments Washing plant or Textile Mill's for depth shades. If your Buyers/Customers ask or wanted you to provide a deeper any Dyeing shades, only for you my suggestion used Shade Deepener Agent. It's can apply any kind of febres.the Garments Washing Plant or Textile Mill's Called Shade deepener.After applied this Chemical you never seen before as dark as you see. That's pick up at 20% to 60% depends on fabrics. It's an important chemical for dark shades liker. When Dyeing Few Washing plant deep Shade they're facing mostly one problem it colour fastness.Those days are over. Shades deepened represents a technological breakthrough in achieving unparalleled colour depth on all fibres without any compromise on fastness properties. It's Names DICRYLAN SD treadmarks of Huntsman. Applied Method (1) Up to 30%-50% increase on pigment Dyeing. (2) Up to 50% increase on Reactive Dyeing. (3) Up to 60% increasing Disperse polyester Dyeing. (4) only for 100% Wool up to 20% death enhancement.

» Acid ( CH3c00H )

=> Acid <=
Citric Acid / Acetic acid are always used pre-treatment ( hot wash_ remove oil spot / silicon remove) and neutralization the garments from alkaline condition and control the ph value in wash or dyeing Bath. Some
Kind of acid are use washing chemistry futures such as Burn-out used sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid used acid wash ( crystal acid wash )
Their two classify
(1) stronger Acid
(2) Weak Acid .

» Name of Acid

0= Hydrochloric Acid ,
1= Acetic acid,
2= Citric acid,
3= Phosphoric acid,
4= Sulfuric acid,
5= Tannic acid,
6= Oxalic acid,
7= Boric acid,
8= Formic acid,
9= Adipic acid,
10= Chromic acid,
11= DTPA acid,
12= EDTA acid,
13= Fumaric acid,
14= Gallic acid,
15= HEDP acid,
16= Humic acid,
17= Hypophosphorous acid,
18= Lactic acid,
19= Nitric acid,
20= Succinic acid,
21= Propionic acid,
22= Molybdic acid,
23= Malic acid,
24= Tartaric acid,
25= Ethylenediaminetetra-acid,
26= Ascorbic Acid ,
27= CARBONIC ACID ,
28= Hydrofluoric acid ,
29= Hydrobromic acid ,
30= hydrosulfuric acid ,
31= Nitrous Acid ,
32= Hypochlorous Acid ,
33= Chloric Acid ,
34= Perchloric Acid ,
35= Sulfurous Acid ,
36= Phosphorous ACID .

» WHAT IS pH

PH = is a measure of acidity or alkalinty.
PH = of common chemicals.
PH = potential of hydrogen.
Ph is a measure of the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. Solution with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low ph and solution with a low concentration of H+ ions have a high ph. This may seem like a confusion way to express these relationships. And it is until you understand what ph stands for. The equation that defines ph is given as follow
ph=log[H+] concentration,
ph range 0 to 14,
0-6 = Acid Base,
7 = Neutral Base,
7-14 = Alkaline Base.

» Salt

Salt is used in the dyeing process. The way of the dye stuff bonds to the fibers is very important and the most permanent, colour fast dyes are ones that are most tightly attached to the fiber molecules ( called reactive / direct dyes )
when used the salt when fabric made of cellulosic (such as cotton,linen,hemp or viscose) are dyed, theres immersed in water which contains dyes which have been dissolved in the water. The surface of the fabric gets covered in negative ionic charges. The reactive or direct dyes used most often to dye cellulosic fabrics also develop a negative charge , so the fibers actually repel the dye. Like two magnets repelling each other. If we try to dye a cellulosic fabric without using salt , the dye molecules just roll off the surface of the fibers and the fabric does not show much colour change. So these reactive / direct dyes need the addition of salt to " push " the dyes out of solution and into the cloth by neutralizing the negative charge.

» TYPE OF SALT

(1) Dyeing salt ,
(2) Alkaline salt,
(3) Acid salt ,

=>Dyeing salt<=

1= * Global salt ,
* Common salt,
* sodium sulfate- salt.

=>Alkaline salt<=

2= * Sodium Carbonate.
* sodium Hydroxide Flakes/Prills.
* Asu salt.

=> Acid salt <=

3= * Sodium meta-Bi sulphate,
* Sodium Thio sulphate,
* Reducer mg power(powder) .

» Salt recommendation for MORDIENTE or Dischargeble Dyeing

Salt recommendation for MORDIENTE or Dischargeble dyeing upon %

If= 0.10 % Salt 5 G/L.
= 0.5 % Salt 10 G/L.
= 1 % Salt 20 G/L.
= 2.5 % Salt 30 G/L.
= 3 % Salt 35 G/L.
= 4 % Salt 40 G/L.
= 5 % Salt 45 G/L.

» Salt and soda recommendation for Reactive dyeing upon % .

* Salt soda Recommendation upon-on % for Reactive Dyeing *

1= <0.5 % salt 20 G/L or soda 10 G/L.
2= 0.5 % salt 30 G/L or soda 12 G/L.
3= 1% salt 40 G/L or soda 14 G/L.
4= 2% salt 50 G/L or soda 16 G/L.
5= 3% salt 60 G/L or soda 18 G/L.
6= 4% salt 70 G/L or soda 20 G/L.
7= 5% salt 80 G/L or soda 20 G/L.

» Salt recommendation for Direct dyeing upon %

Salt recommendation for Direct dyeing upon %

If= 0.10 % Salt 10 G/L.
= 0.5 % Salt 15 G/L.
= 1 % Salt 20 G/L.
= 2.5 % Salt 30 G/L.
= 3 % Salt 40 G/L.
= 4 % Salt 50 G/L.
= 5 % Salt 60 G/L.

» HYDROSE ( Na2S204 )

Hydrose = others name sodium dithionite, sodium hydrosulfite.
It is typically white , grayish crystalline powder. It used in washingplant for dyeing auxiliary in VAT dyeing. It is stripping of direct dye. It also reducing agent for dispers dye reduction clearing. It also used for washing plant for Bleaching agent = e. wool , nylon , Cotton. It amazing work for reactive colour remover, before shade as it made,hydrose wet(absorbed) after shade reddish ton seemly as deep dye.

» SODIUM SILICATE ( Na2sio3 )

Sodium silicate , others name => Liquid glass, waterglass. Sodium silicate used in washing plant for multi-function or varieties process such as Hand print , Tie dyeing improve disign , Spray style , zig-zeg process and fixative many dyeing and many more. Sodium silicate also helps in the washing process as a buffering agent. Kepping the pH level required for the process . The silicate also deflocculates clay and suspends particulate soil , Preventing it from redepositing on the fabric . In the pad-batch dyeing process silicates provide alkalinity and buffering necessary to maintain the required pH For the dyeing process. Sodium silicate from liquid and solids. Sodium silicate or sodium meta silicate pentahydrate is used as stabilizer for hydrogen peroxide in the cotton bleaching process and in jeans washing and ston washing , because of it is action as scavenger of iron manganese and copper. Since it is alkaline it has a detergent and buffering action , removing soil , oils and grease from the cloth and working as a anti-redeposition agent .
Many dye suppliers are good sources for sodium silicate , Pro chemicals & Dye sells it under two names , either Pro fix LHF, OR pro QuickFIX . DHARMA trading company sells it Name AFTERFIX . In Australia batik oetoro sells it DRIMAFIX names. And in Spain Tobasign Dyes sells it by name TOBAFIX .

» Sodium silicate Agents

( Liquid )

1= Sodium silicate cullet ,
2= Well China Silicate ,
3= METSO ,
4= PQ ,
5= ECODRILL ,
6= A 1647 ,
7= A 1847 ,
8= BW 50 ,
9= BJ 120 ,
10= STAR SILICATE ,
11= starso silicate ,
12= Stixso ,

( POWDER )

1= BRITESIL C20 ,
2= SS 20 powder ,
3= britesil c24 ,
4= GA ,
5= BRITESIL H20 ,
6= ss 200 powder

» Soda ( Na2c03 )

Sodium carbonate others name soda ash, washing soda, soda crystal.
Soda ash used many garments wash such as Alkali wash, Antique wash, Desizing and many more.
Soda ash is used in dyeing cotton and other cellulose fibers such as linen, rayon, tencel or hemp, to incrase the pH (alkalinity) of the reaction. The ideal pH depends on the fibre and the individual dye colour. Soda ash changes the pH of the fibre-reactive dye and cellulose fibre so that the reacts with the fibre,making a permanent attachmend that holds the dye to the fibre.
Soda ash pH 11.6

» CAUSTIC SODA ( Na0H )

Sodium hydroxide, also commonly termed caustic soda. Is used for many washing plant and industrial purposes. The chemical forms a strong alkaline solution when you mix it with water. Sodium hydroxide is available in many forms including pellets, flakes, prills or granules and as a 50% saturated solution. It is used washing plant it have super cleaning power. It used many process in washing plant called caustic wash. And also used dyeing such as VAT dyeing and a few mordant dyeing such as asudel and asudel w pigment dyeing. Caustic soda used for denim garments in washing plant for colour out. It is great job as fading effect and old looking affect come rapidly on garments. Causting soda's PH 13-14.
» Potassium Permanganate ( kmn04 )

Potash= other name potassium permanganate, condy's crystals it is a strong oxidizing agent. It dissolves in water to give intensely pink or purple solutions. Potash is used in washing plant for acid wash with pumic stone, thurm ball,cotton ball, cut fome, muri ball ( mini ball ) , towel wash (mini cut fabric) for colour out from the garments. It is also used washing plant dry processes for hand pp or pp spray by spray gun for effect whitish,yellowish from the garments. It is used for washing plant for dye colour out such as asudel pigment dye. Better affect come rapidly with phosphoric acid( p acid )

You can also use
(1) ASUMAGIC ( Potash ) Diffenence version , amazing work same as Potassium Permanganate .

» Sodium Meta Bi-Sulphite ( Na2s205 )

(1) Sodium meta Bi-sulphite is used in the washing plant to Neutralization the garments from Potassium permanganate. Sodium meta Bi sulfite Appearance white - yellowish crystalline powder. It also used bleaching reducing agent .It easily dissolves in water.

(2) You can also use P.P NEUTRA ( Liquid Potasium permanganate Neutralizer ) . PH 5.0 TO 6.0. COLD 10_15 minute drop 2 rainse.

(3) Reducing mg power (powder) potasium permanganate neutralizer.

(4) P.P Neutralizante MN POLVO ( POWDER )
META version ,

(5) Near Wash KP Neutralizer ( Liquid Meta ) ,

» Bleaching Powder ( CacI02 )

Bleaching powder = others name Calcium hypochlorite,calcium oxychoride,calcium salt.
Bleaching powder is an oxidizing agent. It is used in washing plant for colour out from the garments.
Bleachin powder may be used with cellulose fibers such as cotton, linen, rayon, as well as with some synthetics. It will disintegrate silk and wool fibers.
It also used Discharge wash. Discharge is the process of chemically removing colour from previously dyed fabric.Because not all dyes will discharge in the same way but some affect comes. We can achieve deferent shade of colore on garments . It also better crystal affect comes rapidly with cut foam,thurm ball, cotton ball , pumic ston.
Bleaching powder some times called chloride of Lime.
Excess bleach used purpose harmfull your garments.Do not use exceeding bleaching powder or Rotation machine ( RPM ) If your batch do't lose you.

» BLEACHING AGENTS

1= Ruco-STAB EPB 1841,
2= COMMON BLEACH,
3= POWER CHLOR 65%C ,
4= K C I BLEACHING ,
5= Enviram Bleach ( liquid ) ,
6= Bleach Japany ,
7= Bleach China ,
8= Bleach Germany ,
9= Gentle Power Bleach ,
10= Bleach Liquor ( Liquid ) ,
11= CORCRAFT LIQUID BLEACH 12.5% ,
12= Near Bleach E BRIGHT liquid ,

» STABLIZER

Stablizer used in washing plant for improvement bleaching process. Stablizing also adjust the decomposition speed of hydrogen peroxide in bleaching bath, saving hydrogen peroxide.some stablizer agent are improved colour yield in dyeing process. The Bleaching bath is composed of hydrogen peroxide as the bleaching agent used generally with caustic soda an activator and stablizers as sodium silicate and silicate free inorganic chemical auxiliary. Stablization of bleach baths of high alkalinity.some stablizer agent for hydrogen peroxide bleaching exhibits outstanding stablizing and chelating properties.
» Stablizer Agents

1= Seyco stabilizer FPB ,
2= Seyco stabilizer FPB CONC ,
3= Enviram stab ,
4= Zystab EC ,
5= ZYSTAB ,
6= RUCO- STAB DST ,
7= Maxistab ALK ,
8= ALTRANOL-SC-722 ,
9= Stab H901 ,
10= ABLUTEX ST-600A ,
11= STAB H902 ,
12= Ablutex st -700 ,
13= Serastabil MRS ,
14= SERASTABIL M CONC ,
15= ASUTOL AGE ,
16= Crosprep SF-CS ,
17= CROSPREP MSS .

» HYPO ( Na2s2o3 )

Hypo = others name sodium hyposulphite,sodium thiosulfate, sodium hypo chloride.
It typicall colourless crystalas or coarse crystalline powder. It used for washing plant to neutralized the garments from Bleach ( chlorine bleach bath ) .

» Hydrogen Peroxide ( H202 )

Hydrogen peroxide other name Dioxidane, oxidany. Hydrogen peroxide is power full chemical and it has antibacterial and antiviral. It used in washing plant for scouring process. It also used bleach bath for improve the bleaching process. It more used neutralization the garments from alkaline condition. Hydrogen peroxide used for fixing considerate for sulpher dyeing.
» HYDROGEN PEROXIDE H202 KILLER

Hydrogen peroxide and other peroxy compounds are commonly used for bleaching in preparation of cellulase based fabrics and yarns. If not completely removed,hydrogen peroxide will cause shade change with some fiber reactive dyes . Even a small amount of resudual hydrogen peroxide , particularly left in creases and folds of fabric, causes change in cast of dye resulting in uneven dyeing.So any chemical that kills the residual peroxide in the fiber is called a peroxide killer. All reducing agents are infact peroxide killers. Again we should note that excess presence of reducing agent in the fiber also lead to destruction of dyestuff molecule. Hence a careful selection of a peroxide killer is verry much essential. Now in the market there are many enzymatic peroxide killers available that will remove the residual peroxide and die-off during subsequent dyeing operations at higher temperature.
HYDROGEN Peroxid Killer agent can be used in all processes where hydrogen peroxide H202 is used. PH 4.5 TO <7 . TIME 5 TO 10 Minute.

» Hydrogen peroxide killer Agents

1= Invatex PC ,
2= Lorinol PK ,
3= Basopal Pk,
4= Invazyme CAT,
5= ALLOXIL PK ,
6= Americos Catalase XL ,
7= ALLOZYME PK ,
8= PODO PRY PRO ,
9= OXYLASE ,
10= OXYLASE UL ,
11= PEROCLEAN EF,
12= PEROCLEAN ORG ( without enzyme Based ) ,
13= Bioprime LCHN 2103 ,
14= Bioprime LCHN 4200 ,
15= Bioprime Lchn 8502 ,
16= Bioprime LCHN 1005 ,
17= Cryzyme PNR ,
18= PERO CLEAN 50L ,
19= RETRCELL SYNER G ,
20= CROSPREP KFP ,
21= CROSZYME PEK ,

Mostly important Chemicals for Washingplant
1= TANATERGE PURA ,
2= Winscour RDC ,
3= TANATERGE RE ,
4= Altraplex ADW ,
5= Rungplex ADW ,
6= Meteril ADW ,
7= Serafast CRD ,
8= Near Fix RTS ,

High Performance after soaping agent for the removal of Reactive dye hydrolysate from dyeing on cellulosics and cellulosic blends.

4= ASUKILL OB ,

Quaternary product to remove Fluorescence of Optical Brighteners Previously applied on to Textiles .

5= ASUDEEP CO ( for cotton ) ,
6= ASUDEEP PES ( for polyester ) ,

Product ( 5 & 6 ) to increase colour depth on cotton & Polyester, to be applied by Foulard .


» COLOUR REMOVER CHEMICALS

BELOW ARE SOME CHEMICALS NAME THOSE ARE USED COLOUR REMOVE PROCCESS AN EXCELLENT CHOICE FOR REMOVING DYE FROM COTTON,SILK,NYLON BUT NOT ALL DYES CAN BE REMOVED,

1= POTASIUM PER-MANGANAT ,
2= BLEACH ,
3= WINSCOUR RDC ,
4= IDYE COLOUR REMOVER ,
5= RIT DYE POWDER COLOUR REMOVER ,
6= DISCHARGE PASTE .


» Disperse And Dispersing


Dispersing agents are used widely in the many textile, household, Washingplant and coatings industry to help disperse solid particles into a liquid medium in dyeing bath.

Disperse dyes are insoluble in water,if disperse dyeing process did not used dispersing agent outcome result uneven dyeing so avoid problem facing must be used Dispersing agent.

Dispersing agents compatible with an-ionic and non-ionic products.

Some Dispersing agent has special arylsulfonateAnionAnionic with excellent dispersing performance and stable to head eater. Highly effective for dispersion of anionic dye, vat dyes, pigments, etc. and stabilization of the dye bath.

Dispersing agents perform by the anchoring of the surfactant onto the particle substrate and then acting as a barrier to stop re-agglomeration of the particles. This concept is often referred to as steric stabilisation.

Dispersing agents has some surface active , which are recommended as Dispersing agents in disperse dyeing.

Dispersing agents Resistant to acid, salt and alkali.


» Dispersing Agents

1= Avolan IS ,
2= AVOLAN IS ( Liquid ) ,
3= Avolan IW ,
4= Avolan IW ( Liquid ) ,
5= Levegal DLP ,
6= ASUPREND WS ,
7= TANASPERSE OLG-N ,
8= ENVIRAM DISPERSE ( POLYESTER ) ,
9= Podo DSP SEP ( POLYESTER ) ,
10= PODO DSP SEP X ( " ) ,
11= ZYPERSE DLS ,
12= Podo DSP HT ,
13= PODO DSP DENIM ,
14= SEYCO DISPERS ,
15= seyco dispers conc ,
16= Asugal RSL ,
17= Asutol 644 Polvo ,
18= Base Asutol DT ,
19= ASUTOL BJ ,
20= PRODUCTO NJ ,
21= ASUTOL CD 5,

» Sequestering

Sequestering agent used in washing plant for dyeing auxiliaries. Sequestering agent are commonly used for removing water hardness. Sequestering agent are also known as chelating agents . Chelation is used in treatment of metal poisoning and in industrial extraction of metals .Sequestering agent are Liquid or granular ( powder ) from . Sequestering agent combine with calcium and magnesium ions and other heavy metal ions in hard water. They from molecules in which the ions are held so sequestered that they can no longer react . The Sequestering agents prevent salts from recontaminating parts . The Sequestering agents may also bind up the active chemicals in a detergent that may decrease the cleaning efficiency and life of a wash bath. Common sequestering agents include => orthophosphate ,orthosilicate, and phosphates , sequestering agents are produced used many washingplant or Textiles industries .The Presence of calcium , magnesium and specially iron affect the dyeing shade and fastness of may dyes and shades. Especially under alkaline conditions they precipitate and form scum .use of sequestering agent in dyeing imparts into brighter and cleaner shades. The feel of the fabric is also improved . The use of sequestering agent also other process. The first sequestering agent in textile processing was EDTA. Now a days many other types of sequestering agents are widely used in textile processing . The three( 3 ) main stages in which sequestering agents as used are.

1= PRETREATMENT ,
2= BLEACHING ,
3= DYEING

» Chelating or Sequesting Agents

1= Sequamax PND ,
2= SEQUAMAX DM ,
3= SEQUAMAX FF ,
4= Verolan EKY ,
5= verolan NBO ,
6= vEROLAN NBT ,
7= VEROLAN NCB ,
8= Chempure-570 ,
9= CROSQUEST HRO ,
10= CROSPREP SD-NA ,

» Reducing

The Reducing agent used for textile industry or washing plant . It agent are oxidizing or mild oxidizing agent to prevent the reducing of sensitive dyes in the dye bath and thus avoid fluctuations in shade. The Reducing agent from liquid or powder.This agent for alkaline reductive after clearing of dyeing and print on natural fibres and man made fibres. The reducing agent also stripping of faulty dyeings. It also used machine clean. Reducing agent auxiliary to prevent deterioration of direct dyes that are sensitive to reduction at the boil. Below are some reducing agent name .
» Reducing Agents

1= Tanede ARD 01 ,
2= Reducit-ECO ,
3= Tanede LR ,
4= AVCO-CLEAN OGM ,
5= Tanede N 02 ,
6= Tanede RC ,
7= Reducing mg power ( powder ) ,
8= P P Neutralizante MN polvo ,

» Dyeing Fixing

The present invention relates to textile after treatment agents. The after treatment agents are dye fixing agents for improving the fastness properties of dyeings and prints, a process for the production thereof and the use thereof. Dyeing and prints often have unsatisfactory wet fastness, especially washing and water fastness, This is found with dyeing carried out using direct dyestuffs , acid dyestuffs and to a lesser extent reactive dyestuffs. Substantive dyestuffs are those which have an affinity with the fiber to which they are applied. All direct dyestuffs are regarded as being substantive to cellulosic materials in nature,whereas the reactive dyes are considred substantive as well as reactive in the case of all reactive dyestuffs. Part of the dyestuff will react chemically with a hydroxyl group on the cellulosic fibre and part of the dyestuff will not react with the fibre but generally will be in a hydrolysed form. The part of the dyestuff which has not chemically reacted withthe fibre may be removed by repeated washing.acid dyes have a direct affinity towards protein fibres and are the main type of dyestuff used in wool dyeings. Direct dyestuffar are however the first choice for dyeings cellulosic materials ,having a strong affinity for them. It is undesirable that dyestuff exhibit a lack of wet fastness since the removed dyestuff may be absorbed by undyed textile material being washed in the same washing plant. and in addition the dyed substrate does not retain.its original dyed colour , It is know to treat the textile after dyeing with a dye fixing agent in order to improve the wet fastness of the dye.
» Fixing for Reactive and Direct Dyeing

>> Reactived or Direct dye Fixing *

1= Seyco Fix RIGHT,
2= Asufix CDF,
3= Seyco Fix PF,
4= Techno Fix,
5= Asufast BHT,
6= FASTASOL RD,
7= Asufast MOLD POLVO,
8= Asufast UV,
9= Asufix FF,
10= Ciba Fix ECO ,
11= Tino Fix FRD ,
12= Cycianon E ,
13= Seyco Fix Dem ,
14= PODO FIX NUR ,
15= ZYFIX NF ,
16= PODO FIX NIW ,
17= ZYFIX RTG ,
18= HYDROCOL BFY ,
19= ZYFIX SPF ,
20= Hydrocol Sun ,
21= CrysoFIX NFD ,
22= CROSCOLOR DRT ,
23= CROSCOLOR CF ,
24= CROSCOLOR FFR/FMP ,

» BINDER ( Fixing ) for Pigment Dyeing

» Fixing for pigment dyeing *

1= Arristan fix,
2= NGS8N,
3= Asufix EPF,
4= Helizarin LF,
5= Asufix FF,
6= Denimcol Fix OS,
7= Asufix FPI ,
8= Crysofix DF ,
9= Asufix FPI ,
10= ASUFIX FPI NEW ,
11= Raczol HK 800 ,
12= VCOZOL HB 80 BINDER ,
Denimcol Binder GFC,
13= Helizarin Binder ET-ECO,
14= Helizarin Binder TOW,
15= Arristan Binder CA,
16= Rewin LAN,
17= Silkoblanc BN,
18= Helizarin Binder TX 4737,
19= GOOD BINDER LEGAFINISH MAR ,
20= Crosbinder KAT ,
21= Binder JL-NH ,
22= SPF ,
23= TPSF ,
24= Near Finish MLD ,

» Acid dyeing Fixing

» Fixing for Acid dyeing *

1= Seyco Fix BASE N-45,
2= Asufix PA-EC,
3= Seyco Fix FN ,
4= Seyco Fix Aid,
5= Zyfix IN ,

» Fixing for Polyester dye

» Fixing for Polyamide dyeing *

1= Seyco Fix AID,
2= Optifix,
3= Nylofixer,
4= Asugal PAR-25,
5= Seyco Fix Base N-45 ,

» Zip Treatment Fixing

» Treatment Fixing used for Peroxide n Bleaching treatment *

=> Zip <=

1= Protector CR2-LF,
2= Protector PA7 Polvo.

» Others Fixing

» Others Dyeings use Fixing *

also used for Hand print , colour spray and many more item those are used washing plant.

1= Tubassist Fix-104 w,
2= Tubassist Fix-102 w,
3= Denimcol Binder GFC,
4= Helizarin Binder ET-ECO,
5= Helizarin Binder TOW,
6= Dinimcol Fix Os,
7= Arristan Binder CA,
8= Rewin LAN,
9= Silkoblanc BN,
10= Helizarin Binder TX 4737

» Finishing Process ULTRA SOFT / SOFTENING

The Softner give more handfeel and iproves smoothness and softness. Suitable for all fiber.
Softeners have gained great importance in washingplant finishing. Almost no washingplant leaves the production facilities without being treated with a softener. This softening treatment is to give the washing plant the desired handle,make further processing easier and improve the handling properties. A nice, soft handle is often the decisive criterion for buying a washingplant and is therefore of most vital importance for marketing many washingplant. The Softeners main purpose is to improve the aesthetic properties of washingplant. Softner gives the fabric the desired handle usually with imaginative descriptions such as soft , super soft , smooth .

» Softener Classification

( 1 ) Cationic / Nonionic Flax Softner .

( 2 ) Micro / semi micro Emulsion Cilicon .

( 3 ) Hydrophilic , Sanforizing , Amino siloxane .

» Softener Agent

1= Tex soft ,
2= Cavamax w7,
3= Cavasol w7 HP TL,
4= Rexamine NE 950 CL,
5= Sepamine csn,
6= softner cws,
7= Advalon HO 111,
8= Wacker Finish WS 60 E,
9= Power Soft FE 55,
10= Vari Soft TA 100,
11= Nano Soft,
12= Sulfanine DM,
13= Tex soft E50,
14= Nano soft RWS,
15= Rewoquat WE 38 DPG,
16= Wacker Jeans 21j,
17= Tego softner VEPO,
18= Tego softner EPO,
19= REXAMINE CS 9195 HL,
20= Softner PI ,
21= Enviram soft NIS ,
22= PODO SOFT C-FLAKE ,
23= podo soft c-426 ,
24= podo soft c-430.
25= Podo soft N- Flake,
26= podo soft N- 426 ,
27= PODO SOFT N-430 ,
28= VCO-SOFT WA ,
29= CROSOFT AMFO-X ,
30= Crosoft NCS ,
31= Denimcol soft HWS ,
32= DENIMCOL SOFT PTS ,
33= Base Asumine TER ,



C= Cationic N= Non-ionic.

Don't exess used softener unless lose your shade.
If your shade light you want to dark use =>
Seyco Soft LM5 CONC 5 G/L OR
Tubingal RGH 5 G/L. Cold temperature 40'c And pH range must be 4-5 and machine Rotation time 5 minute or 10 minute.

» Micro Emulsion Cilicon

The Silicone softening emulsions are used in rinse cycle fabric softner formulations. The benefits can include significant improvements in anti-wrinkle results. Ease of ironing eare of wrinkle removal and fabric water absorbency when compared with conventional fabric softeners.
Silicon micro-emulsions=> amino functional silicones have a big importance to washing plant. Their surface smoothening and softening properties are above all other product groups. Micro and semi micro emulsions can be made with specially selected emulsifying recipes using amino functional silicones. They offer a number of advantages which are totally in keeping for modern washing plant finishing.

» SILICON / CILICON AGENTS

1= Renfeel super soft ,
2= Cepasoft MIS,
3= Tex MIS,
4= Nanosoft 1140,
5= AMS series,
6= L-128N,
7= PROTE SET AMN 317R,
8= TEGOPREN 6923,
9= Prote set amn 360R,
10= Tegopren 6924,
11= Tego Emulsion 4001s,
12= wacker fluid emulsion c 800,
13= Tego Softener SC-PE5E,
14= WACKER EMULSION C802,
15=XIAMETER MEM 0346,
16= TEGO SOFT BC AH 5EC,
17= TEGOPREN 5864,
18= XIAMETER MEM 1607,
19= TEGOPREN 5884,
20= XIAMETER MEM 8035,
21= Podo soft micro-CNS ,
22= Silico soft 30 ,
23= PODO SOFT CONC ,
24= Silico soft NKG ,
25= silico soft HPS ,
26= ELAM RP CONC ,
27= Crosilco SEMP ,
28= Crosdurin EAR .
29= Crosoft MES ,
30= Crosoft LIS ,
31= Denimcol soft EPD ,
32= Polyavin PEN ,
33= Tubingal 220 ,
34= Tubingal HWS ,
35= Elam Rp Conc ,
36= Soft SIL ,
37= Ultratex TTK ,

» Hydrophilic Softener

The Hydrophilic softening and smoothing agent fo all fiber types. Especially for absorptive cellulosic or synthetic fiber,verry soft and fluffy handle. Highly resistant to yellowing/Blackish ton depend upon agents. High process stabillity. Optimized sewability Gentle in washing plant with colour maintenance.
» HYDROPHILIC SOFTENER AGENTS

1= Denisil 368,
2= Denimcol Soft RGH,(improve black ton)
3= TUBINGAL RGH,(improve black ton)
4= Rexamine CS 9185 HL,
5= Prote SET FAI,
6= VARISOFT 3696,
7= PROTE CARE PF (only for polyester fibers),
8= Prote spring 958 (only for elastic fibers),
9= Wetsoft CTA,
10= Prote care H-PA (only for man made fibers),
11= Rexamine H-PU,
12= PROTE CARE H-CE (all fibers),
13= Rewoquat W 325 PG (for super white fabric),
14= Z-QUAT TI 10 ZH,
15= VERISOFT 222 LM,
16= Z-QUAT TO 10ZH (improve slightly yellowing),
17= Dow Corning 8600,
18= wet soft NE 820,
19= Xiameter-OFX 8800,
20= Wet Soft NE 810 ,
21= Seyco LUBE YLW ( improve slightly yellowing ) ,
22= Seyco LUBE BAM CONC ,
23= Crosoft 240L ,
24= Siligen SIM ,
25= Asumine CHW ,
26= Microfinish HYB ,

Hardner Technique for Garments


Hardner used widely many Textile and Garments Washing Plant. It often need when misused excess ultra Softner. some buyer choose dry jersey those are not soft not hard, therefore need to hardness on clothes. where are above problem facing you can applyed.
Hardner used to Garments washing plant for make clothe waterproof and other purpose such as Spider wash or Net Wash.
Once and again used dry process zone varieties method.
Mostly Used Hardener on most absorbent surfaces and fabrics, including cotton, Denim, wool, Label, Lace and other.
Hardner can be used indoors or outside for Sculptures, Crafts and Mixed Media Projects.


Hardner From

Basically Hardner funding are
(1) Liquid
(2) Powder
(3) Past or Condense.


Hardner Agents

Hardner Agent :

(1) Amitrolit 8160 (Powder)
(2) Vast (Past)
(3) Ararot (Powder)
(4) Barli (Powder).




» The Colour are many below are click you get 1000+ colours name those are used many Garments washingplant and Textile dyeing or others dyeing proccesses =>









Name Of Garments Buyer World Wide
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Optical Brightener ( white dyeing )

An fluorescent substance added to detergents in order to produce a whitening effect on washing plant.
Brighteners also know as optical brighteners fabric whitening agents. Fluorescent whitening agents ( FWA ) ,fluorescent dyes that glow blue-white when exposed to ultraviolet ( UV ) light. The blue-white colour makes yellowed fabrics appear white.


Optical Brightner Agent


1= Seyco White BRU ( reddish ),
2= Americos XBL ( Bluish ),
3= Sirrix SB ( Blackish ),
4=Seyco white AFT CONC ( off white ),
5= Signo white BHV ( Bluish ),
6= Signo white 2BX ( yelloish ),
7= Sun white ( super white ),
8= Techno bright L,
9= Tubiprint white K80,
10= Tubiprint white 500 AV,
11= White 24,
12= Tubiprint white k70,
13= Uvitex BHV,
14= Symo white 4BK,



Polyester Brightener

Optical Brigtener for Polyester.

1= Ultraphore BN ( Liquid bluish) ,
2= Uvitex BHT ( Liquid ) ,
3= Ultra phore SPG ( Liquid ) ,
4= Ultraphore SFR ( Liquid slightly reddish) .
5= Ultraphor SFG ( Liquid slightly Greenish ) ,
6= Ultraphor RN ( Liquid slightly Reddish ) ,
7= Asublanc B 110 ( Whiteness ) ,
8= Asublanc PA-MB ,
9= ASUBLANC PA-V ,
10= Asublanc PAV-M3 ,
11= asublanc PF 200 % ,
12= ASUBLANC PF-M ,


SCOURING

Raw textile materials in their natural from have addivives dirt, soil, oil,wax,fat,gum,husks and other impurities that are not suitable for clothing making. Scouring is the process which removes all. Pesticides , fungicides , worm killers etc are also there in these raw material. The removal of these matters is Called scouring. It is done by adding suitable wetting agents, alkali or other chemicals. After scouring the fabric gives better wetting and penetration properties.

Scouring Process

GARMENTS LOAD INTO MACHINE , AND FILLING WATER AND START ROTATION OR CHEMICALS DOSING ABREAST ADD TEMPERATURE 210'F.
0= Scouring agents , and
1= SODIUM HYDROXIDE ( Na0H ) 3 G/L.
2= SODIUM CARBONATE ( Na2c03 ) 5 G/L.
3= DETERGENTS AGENTS - 3 G/L. WHEN UP TAMPERATURE 177'F THEN ADD CHEMICALS
4= HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ( H2o2) 2 G/L. ROTATION AGAIN TOTAL ROTATIN TIME 15 MINUTE TO 30 MINUTE 210'F. CHECK AND DROP AND RAINS TWO TIME. NEUTRAL BY ACID ( CH3C00H ) 1 G/L COLD WASH 5 MINUTE. DROP AND RAINSE TWO TIME. OK . Other wise used another process.


DYEING AUXILIARIES LEVELING

The Levelling agents are also widely used as stripping agents, either alone for non-destructive desorption or together with reducing agents such as sodium dithionite for destructive stripping. Levelling agents act in a similar manner as the carriers with respect to the interaction with the dye. Equilibrium effect and migration effect. They do not interact with the fiber, thus have no role in accelerating the dyeing process. They also have lower effect on migration as compared to carriers. The role of dyeing auxiliaries such as carriers and levelling agents in the dyeing of pigment dyeing , polyester dyeing , disperse dyeing in high or low temperature dyeing machines well known. Calculated and optimal dosase and application of the auxiliaries were documented by calculating the acceleration factor.
Dye exhausted with auxiliary / Dye exhausted without auxiliary. Many but not all levelling agents promote migration of dye in addition to retarding dyeing. Such agents will obviously be a further aid to level dyeing.


Levelling for REACTIVE Dyeing


* Reactive dyeing levelling agents *

1= Levegal RL,
2= Avolan Rw,
3= Sarabid MIP,
4= Migregal WA-10,
5= Migregal WB ,
6= Enviram LevRD ,
7= Asugal pw ,
8= ASUGAL A ,
9= asugal CDL ,
10= solubilizante react 200/p ,


Levelling ( CATANIGER ) For Pigment Dyeing

* Pigment Dyeing levelling or Cataniger *

1= Semol Fs,
2= Semol Ws,
3= merigal AM,
4= Barrynon N-10,
5= Esqual Ns,
6= Asufix FPI,
7= Asuprend Ws,
8= Mordiente PIM,
9= Mordente M NEW ,
10= Mordente M Ac Malt Conc,
11= Mordente Malt cow,
12= Mordiente Del / j ,
13= Asudel WMS,
14= Denimcol OS,
15= LeveGAL 221 ,
16= Mordiente BRG ( 40'C TEMPERATURE ) ,
17= MORDIENTE M A. C ,
18= RACFIX HM 38 M ,
19= VCOFIX HC 40 ,
20= Predye RMC ,
21= KAT BINDER ,


Others Dyeing Levelling

Others dyeing levelling agent are used varieties dyeing such as Rapid dye, nylon dye, disperse dye etc.

1= Benzoate Ester,
2= Levegal BLD ,
3= LEVEGAL ED,
4= MIGREGAL N-11,
5= AVOLAN PAZF.


Levelling For polyester Dyeing

* POLYESTER DYEING LEVELLING AGENTS *

1= Succinol CS ,
2= Avolan IS,
3= Migregal N-11,
4= AVOLAN IW,
5= Aclan KTN,
6= AVOLAN IW E,
7= MIGREGAL 3N,
8= AVOLAN UL 75,
9= ESQUAL T-150,
10= LEVEGAL FTSK,
11= Albatex LD,
12= LEVEGAL PL,
13= ESQUAL T 300,
14= Levegal LPA 01,
15= LAVEGAL MDL,
16= LAVEGAL PAZF.
17= Baso Winch PEL ,
18= Osimol ROL ,
19= UNIPEROL EL ,
20= Prote-GAT DP505 ,
21= Leveller XLF ,
22= Turquo EL ,
23= Zyperse DBC ,


LEVELLING FOR WOOL DYEING

* Levelling agents for Wool Dyeing *

1= Avolan AV 200%.
2= AVOLAN IL,
3= AVOLAN RW,
4= Avolan SCN,
5= AVOLAN SN,
6= Migregal WA-10,
7= Migregal wB,
8= Avolan UL 75,
9= Migregal N-22,
10= MIGREGAL 2N,
11= Podowool DTR.
12= Asugal CPA NUEVO ,
13= asugal FT 30 NUEVO LF ,
14= ASUGAL KPA 90 ,
15= ASUGAL SC-40 ,


Buffer

The Buffering agent can be either a weak acid or weak base. Buffering agents are usually added to water to from a buffer solution.which only slightly changes its PH in response to other acids and bases being combined with it particularly a strong acid or a strong base.Buffer is used in washing plant for PH control of desizing bath,Enzyme bath,softener bath or etc.
Buffer are Concentrated liquid that maintain pH from 4.5 to <7 . Buffer maintains consistent pH During abrasion cycle allowing cellulase enzymes to operate in optimum conditions.may also be used to lower the pH of softener bath for better exhaustion.


Buffer Agents

1= Stacid EQ,
2= Desoquest IO,
3= Kappacid AD,
4= Stacid INA,
5= Seyco buffer 480 ( ph 4.5),
6= seyco buffer 550 ( ph 5.5) ,
7= Desoquest I0 lq,
8= Kappacid BSP,
9= RUCO-ACID ABS 200,
10= Exoline 3H,
11= Ruco-acid AT-C,
12= Exoline 4000 WEL,
13= Ruco-acid AZL,
14= Setacid NV-C,
15= RUCO-acid CPS,
16= RUCO-ACID EAT ,
17= Tanacid AB( POLYESTER,WOOL DYE) ,
18= Cht puffer FBA,
19= TANACID ADP ,
20= NEUTRAACID NCS ,
21= TANACID NAC ,
22= NEUTRAACID NVM 200 ,
23= TANACID SAB ,
24= Neutraacid PAT ,
25= Tanacid UNA ,
26= Neutraacid wsg ,
27= Tanacid 1115 ,
28= Buffer PB ( PH 4.5 TO 5.5 ) ,
29= BUFFER R LIQ ,
30= Buffer s liq ,
31= BUFFER TPC POLVO , ( PH 7 ) ,
32= Buffer 5 ( pH 5.5 )


CREAS MARK

The Anti-creasing agent used in washing plant for dyeing bath and Many garments design process such as Hand print , art line , ink spray etc. Anti creasing excellent dye dispersibility strong lubricant capacity and well stability against acid,alkali and hard water. It typically from liquid and powder.anti creasing are major problem in washing plant , Tolkar dyeing machine, Jet dyeing machine, Danish dyeing machine transport the long sleave Tee Shirt or Pant , knitt fabric ( lacra, single jersey ) by made women pant , When dyeing without crease inhibitors crease mark inevitable. To avoid the creasing problem you should be used anti-creasing agent .

Anti-Crease Mark / Lubricating Agents

1= Enviram Anticrease ,
2= Podocrs 2002 ,
3= Lubomaxima ,
4= Podocrs TSE ,
5= Lubmax SPL ,
6= Podocrs EXT ,
7= BIAVIN 109 ,
8= Viscavin 5700 ,
9= Polyacryl-AMIDE ,
10= Biavin BPA ,
11= Crylube TA ,
12= BIAVIN DFG ,
13= MATLUBE DBL ,
14= Biavin TCC ,
15= MATLUBE YLW ,
16= Biavin PCV ,
17= MATLUBE sew ,
18= Setalub MDL ,
19= MATLUBE LRT ,
20= Denimcol Lube BPA ,
21= SETALUB SR-L ,
22= SETALUB ACA ,
23= TANALUBE FF ,
24= SETAPOLYMER 399 ,
25= SETALUB C2G-N ,
26= TANALUBE CO ,
27= PERSOFTAL LU ,
28= TANALUBE CME ,
29= Persoftal L ,
30= Kololube AC ,
31= Kololube PLA ( POWDER ) ,
32= Asulit ES ,
33= asulub TRA ,
34= ASULIT PA-NI ,
35= ASULIT PAC ,
36= Asumin P-CA ,
37= ASULIT PC CONC ,
38= ASULIT MSF ,
39= Asulit PREND ,
40= ASUMIN PC-HT ,
41= asulit SI CONC ,
42= ASUMIN PE 35 ,
43= ASUMIN PF-P ,
44= Lubrimax TLE ,


DYE OR DYEING

Garment dyeing is the process of dyeing fully fashioned garments such as T-shirt, pants, pullovers, jeans, sweaters, dresses, bathrobes, casual jackets, shirts, skirts, hosieries, subsequent to manufacturing as opposed to the conventional method of manufacturing garments from pre-dyed fabrics. Most garments are made of cotton knit goods and / or cotton woven fabrics, although several other fabrics can be found in the whole or in part such as wool , nylon, and others. Due to cost savings and fashion trends, garment dyeing has been gaining importance and popularity in the past years and will continue to do so in the future.Why Garments Dyeing

Traditionally, garments are construted from fabrics that are pre dyed (piece dyed) before or after the actual cutting and sewing. The advantage of this process is the cost effectiveness of mass producing identical garments of particular colours. A major drawback with this approach is the risk associated with carrying a large inventory of a particular style or colour in today's dynamic markets.

Name Of Dyeing

1= Pigment Dyeing,
2= Direct Dyeing,
3= Indirect Dyeing,
4= Reactive Dyeing,
5= Gel Dyeing,
6= Splatter Dyeing,
7= Tie Dyeing,
8= Deep / Dip Dyeing,
9= Neon Dyeing,
10= Denim / Indigo Dyeing,
11= Oil Dyeing,
12= Wave Dyeing,
13= Cold Dyeing,
14= Batik Tie Dyeing,
15= Ice Dyeing,
16= Dirty Dyeing,
17= Smoke Dyeing,
18= Over Dyeing,
19= Mordant Dyeing,
20= Sulpher Dyeing,
21= Towell Dyeing,
22= Azo Dyeing,
23= Salt free Dyeing,
24= Dischanger Dyeing,
25= Disperse Dyeing,
26= Vat Dyeing,
27= Multi Dyeing,
28= Acid dyeing,
29= Natural Dyeing,
30= Cationic Dyeing,
31= Non-cationic Dyeing,
32= Canvas Dyeing,
33= Sprider net Dyeing ,
34= washeble Dyeing,
35= Soko Dyeing,
36= Ink Dyeing,
37= White Dyeing,
38= Water free Dyeing,
39= Dope Dyeing,
40= spalter Dyeing,
41= water spot Dyeing,
42= Rapid Dyeing,
43= Thermosol Dyeing ,
44= Faulty Dyeing ,
45= Leather Dyeing ,
46= Naphtol Dyeing ,
47= Solution Dyeing ,
48= White Seams Dyeing ,
49= spun tie dyeing ,
50= Sprinkle Dyeing.


Name of Dyes used world wide washingplant or Textiles

PIGMENT DYES TRADERS

1= Flexonyl ,
2= Printofix ,
3= Asuprint ,
4= Helizarin ,
5= Asudel , ( acid dye )
6= Asudel w , ( Reactive dye ) ,
7= Lepton ,
8= Bezafluor ,
9= Bezaprint ,
10= Impeon ,
11= Pigmaset ,
12= Torotex pp ,
13= Pigment aluminium Past ,
14= Pigment Minerprint ,
15= Pigment Minersil ,
16= Flexonyl RS ,
17= COLORDUR ,
18= Versal ,
19= Versaprint ,
20= Versanyl ,
21= Rykobar ,
22= spoloxyl ,
23= Dutex ,
24= Profab ,
25= Chrome Pigment ,
26= Victory Bangla neon ,
27= Racfix dr neon ,
28= VICTORY BANGLA ,
29= Zibu Pigment ,
30= Europrint .


TYPE OF PIGMENT DYES
Acid Dyes Traders

1= Bemacid E-TL ,
2= Egacid ,
3= Bemacid N-TF ,
4= BEMACRON ,
5= Bemacid N ,
6= Bemaplex ,
7= Bemacid F ,
8= Bemalan ,
9= Bemacid E ,
10= Lanasyn ,
11= Bemacid P ,
12= Asudel ,
13= Nylacid ,
14= Corial ,
15= Eukesolor ,
16= Colaris acid ,
17= Diamond ,
18= Isolan ,
19= Jettex ,
20= Supralan ,
21= Telon ,
22= Everacid ,
23= Everjet ,
24= Everfur ,
25= Everlan ,
26= Erionyl ,
27= Lanacron ,
28= Lanaset ,
29= Neolan ,
30= Tectilon ,
31= Sinolan ,
32= Nyloset ,
33= Nylosan ,
34= Optilan ,
35= Asumet ,
36= Corial EM ,
37= Luganil ,
38= Everset ,
39= Rybacid ,
40= Chromolan ,
41= Ostalan ,
42= Ostaln S ,
43= Rylan ,
44= Lanegal ,
45= Acid blue


Mordant Dyes Traders

1= Alizarine ,
2= Chrome ,
3= Asudel ,
4= Asudel w ,
5= Helizarine ,


Reactive Dyes Traders

1= Bezaktiv ,
2= Drimaren ,
3= Asudel w ,
4= Bezaktiv s-LF,
5= Colaris Reactive ,
6= Bezaktiv S-MAX ,
7= JETTEX R ,
8= Bezaktiv V ,
9= Lava dye ,
10= Bezaktiv S-MATRIX ,
11= Lava Fix ,
12= Procion ,
13= Realan ,
14= Remazol ,
15= Evercion ,
16= Everset ,
17= Everzol ,
18= Avitera ,
19= Eriofast ,
20= Lanasol ,
21= Novacron ,
22= Colvazol ,
23= Dyewash ,
24= Setactive ,
25= Setazol ,
26= Refazol ,
27= Bezaktiv Cosmos ,
28= Everfur ,
29= Everlan ,
30= Ostazin H ,
31= Ostazin Ij ,
32= Ostazin V ,
33= Multibond ,
34= ReactoFIX ,
35= Reactive G/yellow BFRL ,
36= Pro MX ,
37= Sabracron F,
38= PRO H ,


Direct Dyes Traders

1= Tubantin ,
2= Optasol ,
3= Bezacryl ,
4= Indosol ,
5= Asufast ,
6= EverDirect ,
7= Everlan black NB ,
8= Solophenyl ,
9= Moder Direct ,
10= CI Direct ,
11= Direct Green 26-250 ,
12= Sirius ,
13= Saturn ,
14= Rybacel D ,
15= Rybacel E ,


Cationic Dyes Traders

1= Maxilon ,
2= Setacryl ,
3= Coriumine ,
4= Asucryl ,
5= Bezacryl ,
6= Astrazon ,


Leather Dyes Traders

1= Chrome ,
2= Coriacide ,
3= Coriastel ,
4= Fourane ,
5= Inoderme ,
6= Leather ,
7= Lustracide ,
8= Korostan ,
9= Sukran Black BG ,


VAT DYES TRADERS

1= Bezathren ,
2= Indanthren ,
3= Novasol ,
4= Setanthrene ,
5= Vat ,
6= Ostanthren ,
7= Techthrene ,


Sulpher Dyes Traders

1= Diresul ,
2= Optisul ,
3= Sulfotex ,
4= Cassulfon ,
5= Sulpher Black BR ,


Dispersing Dyes Traders

1= Bemacron Hp ,
2= Jettex D ,
3= Bemacron RS ,
4= Setapers ,
5= Bemacron HP-LTD ,
6= Lonsperse ,
7= Bemacron S ,
8= Teratop ,
9= Bemacron HP ,
10= TERASIL ,
11= BEMACRON SEL ,
12= Lyosperse ,
13= Bemacron P ,
14= Dianix ,
15= Bemacron SE ,
16= Colaris Disperse ,
17= Bemacron CA ,
18= Asuperse ,
19= Foron ,
20= Bemacron E ,
21= Foron Brilliant ,
22= Asuprint ,
23= Foron Rubine ,


Denim / Indigo Dyes Traders

1= Dystar Indigo 4b ,
2= Dystar Indigo coat ,
3= Seyco Indigo ,
4= Dystar vat 40%SOLUTION ,
5= Dystar Vat 60%GRAINS ,


NAPHTOL DYES TRADERS

1= Fast ,
2= Naphtol ,


The variety of fabric or commonly used dyeing

The variety of the fabric and most or commonly used dyeing.

1= Cellulose Fiber => Pigment dyeing , Direct Dyeing , Reactive Dyeing.
2= Wool Fiber=> Acid Dyeing.
3= Silk Fiber=>Direct Dyeing, Acid Dyeing.
4= Polyester=> Azo Dyeing, Disperse Dyeing.
5= Polyester+Cotton Fiber=>Dispers Dyeing, Vat Dyeing, Insluble Dyeing.
6= Polyacrylonitrile Fiber=> Cationic Dyeing, Acid Dyeing, Dispers Dyeing.
7= Polyacrylonitrile+wool=> Cationic Dyeing, Acid Dyeing.
8= Virylon Fiber=> Direct Dyeing, Vat Dyeing, Sulpher Dyeing, Acid Dyeing.


Acid ( CH3c00H )

=> Acid <=

Citric Acid / Acetic acid are always used pre-treatment ( hot wash_ remove oil spot / silicon remove) and neutralization the garments from alkaline condition and control the ph value in wash or dyeing Bath. Some
Kind of acid are use washing chemistry futures such as Burn-out used sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid used acid wash ( crystal acid wash )
Their two classify (1) stronger Acid
(2) Weak Acid


NAME OF ACID

0= Hydrochloric Acid ,
1= Acetic acid,
2= Citric acid,
3= Phosphoric acid,
4= Sulfuric acid,
5= Tannic acid,
6= Oxalic acid,
7= Boric acid,
8= Formic acid,
9= Adipic acid,
10= Chromic acid,
11= DTPA acid,
12= EDTA acid,
13= Fumaric acid,
14= Gallic acid,
15= HEDP acid,
16= Humic acid,
17= Hypophosphorous acid,
18= Lactic acid,
19= Nitric acid,
20= Succinic acid,
21= Propionic acid,
22= Molybdic acid,
23= Malic acid,
24= Tartaric acid,
25= Ethylenediaminetetra-acid,
26= Ascorbic Acid ,
27= CARBONIC ACID ,
28= Hydrofluoric acid ,
29= Hydrobromic acid ,
30= hydrosulfuric acid ,
31= Nitrous Acid ,
32= Hypochlorous Acid ,
33= Chloric Acid ,
34= Perchloric Acid ,
35= Sulfurous Acid ,
36= Phosphorous ACID .


WHAT IS pH

PH = is a measure of acidity or alkalinty.

PH = of common chemicals.

PH = potential of hydrogen.

Ph is a measure of the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. Solution with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low ph and solution with a low concentration of H+ ions have a high ph. This may seem like a confusion way to express these relationships. And it is until you understand what ph stands for. The equation that defines ph is given as follow
ph=log[H+] concentration,

ph range 0 to 14,

0-6 = Acid Base,
7 = Neutral Base,
7-14 = Alkaline Base.


SALT

Salt is used in the dyeing process. The way of the dye stuff bonds to the fibers is very important and the most permanent, colour fast dyes are ones that are most tightly attached to the fiber molecules ( called reactive / direct dyes )
when used the salt when fabric made of cellulosic (such as cotton,linen,hemp or viscose) are dyed, theres immersed in water which contains dyes which have been dissolved in the water. The surface of the fabric gets covered in negative ionic charges. The reactive or direct dyes used most often to dye cellulosic fabrics also develop a negative charge , so the fibers actually repel the dye. Like two magnets repelling each other. If we try to dye a cellulosic fabric without using salt , the dye molecules just roll off the surface of the fibers and the fabric does not show much colour change. So these reactive / direct dyes need the addition of salt to " push " the dyes out of solution and into the cloth by neutralizing the negative charge.


TYPE OF SALT

(1) Dyeing salt ,
(2) Alkaline salt,
(3) Acid salt ,

=>Dyeing salt<=
1= * Global salt ,
* Common salt,
* sodium sulfate- salt.

=>Alkaline salt<=

2= * Sodium Carbonate.
* sodium Hydroxide Flakes/Prills.
* Asu salt.

=> Acid salt <=
3= * Sodium meta-Bi sulphate,
* Sodium Thio sulphate,
* Reducer mg power(powder)


Salt recommendation for MORDIENTE Dyeing

Salt recommendation for MORDIENTE dyeing upon %

If= 0.10 % Salt 5 G/L.
= 0.5 % Salt 10 G/L.
= 1 % Salt 20 G/L.
= 2.5 % Salt 30 G/L.
= 3 % Salt 35 G/L.
= 4 % Salt 40 G/L.
= 5 % Salt 45 G/L.


Salt and soda recommendation for Reactive dyeing upon % .

* Salt soda Recommendation upon-on % for Reactive Dyeing *

1= <0.5 % salt 20 G/L or soda 10 G/L.

2= 0.5 % salt 30 G/L or soda 12 G/L.

3= 1% salt 40 G/L or soda 14 G/L.

4= 2% salt 50 G/L or soda 16 G/L.

5= 3% salt 60 G/L or soda 18 G/L.

6= 4% salt 70 G/L or soda 20 G/L.

7= 5% salt 80 G/L or soda 20 G/L.


HYDROSE ( Na2S204 )

Hydrose = others name sodium dithionite, sodium hydrosulfite.
It is typically white , grayish crystalline powder. It used in washingplant for dyeing auxiliary in VAT dyeing. It is stripping of direct dye. It also reducing agent for dispers dye reduction clearing. It also used for washing plant for Bleaching agent = e. wool , nylon , Cotton. It amazing work for reactive colour remover, before shade as it made,hydrose wet(absorbed) after shade reddish ton seemly as deep dye.


SODIUM SILICATE ( Na2sio3 )

Sodium silicate , others name => Liquid glass, waterglass. Sodium silicate used in washing plant for multi-function or varieties process such as Hand print , Tie dyeing improve disign , Spray style , zig-zeg process and fixative many dyeing and many more. Sodium silicate also helps in the washing process as a buffering agent. Kepping the pH level required for the process . The silicate also deflocculates clay and suspends particulate soil , Preventing it from redepositing on the fabric . In the pad-batch dyeing process silicates provide alkalinity and buffering necessary to maintain the required pH For the dyeing process. Sodium silicate from liquid and solids. Sodium silicate or sodium meta silicate pentahydrate is used as stabilizer for hydrogen peroxide in the cotton bleaching process and in jeans washing and ston washing , because of it is action as scavenger of iron manganese and copper. Since it is alkaline it has a detergent and buffering action , removing soil , oils and grease from the cloth and working as a anti-redeposition agent .

Many dye suppliers are good sources for sodium silicate , Pro chemicals & Dye sells it under two names , either Pro fix LHF, OR pro QuickFIX . DHARMA trading company sells it Name AFTERFIX . In Australia batik oetoro sells it DRIMAFIX names. And in Spain Tobasign Dyes sells it by name TOBAFIX .


Sodium silicate Agents

( Liquid )
1= Sodium silicate cullet ,
2= Well China Silicate ,
3= METSO ,
4= PQ ,
5= ECODRILL ,
6= A 1647 ,
7= A 1847 ,
8= BW 50 ,
9= BJ 120 ,
10= STAR SILICATE ,
11= starso silicate ,
12= Stixso ,


( POWDER )
1= BRITESIL C20 ,
2= SS 20 powder ,
3= britesil c24 ,
4= GA ,
5= BRITESIL H20 ,
6= ss 200 powder ,


Soda ( Na2c03 )

Sodium carbonate others name soda ash, washing soda, soda crystal.
Soda ash used many garments wash such as Alkali wash, Antique wash, Desizing and many more.
Soda ash is used in dyeing cotton and other cellulose fibers such as linen, rayon, tencel or hemp, to incrase the pH (alkalinity) of the reaction. The ideal pH depends on the fibre and the individual dye colour. Soda ash changes the pH of the fibre-reactive dye and cellulose fibre so that the reacts with the fibre,making a permanent attachmend that holds the dye to the fibre.
Soda ash pH 11.6


CAUSTIC SODA ( Na0H )

Sodium hydroxide, also commonly termed caustic soda. Is used for many washing plant and industrial purposes. The chemical forms a strong alkaline solution when you mix it with water. Sodium hydroxide is available in many forms including pellets, flakes, prills or granules and as a 50% saturated solution. It is used washing plant it have super cleaning power. It used many process in washing plant called caustic wash. And also used dyeing such as VAT dyeing and a few mordant dyeing such as asudel and asudel w pigment dyeing. Caustic soda used for denim garments in washing plant for colour out. It is great job as fading effect and old looking affect come rapidly on garments. Causting soda's PH 13-14.

Potassium Permanganate ( kmn04 )

Potash= other name potassium permanganate, condy's crystals it is a strong oxidizing agent. It dissolves in water to give intensely pink or purple solutions. Potash is used in washing plant for acid wash with pumic stone, thurm ball,cotton ball, cut fome, muri ball ( mini ball ) , towel wash (mini cut fabric) for colour out from the garments. It is also used washing plant dry processes for hand pp or pp spray by spray gun for effect whitish,yellowish from the garments. It is used for washing plant for dye colour out such as asudel pigment dye. Better affect come rapidly with phosphoric acid( p acid )

You can also use ASUMAGIC ( Potash ) Diffenence version , amazing work same as Potassium Permanganate .

Sodium Meta Bi-Sulphite ( Na2s205 )

(1) Sodium meta Bi-sulphite is used in the washing plant to Neutralization the garments from Potassium permanganate. Sodium meta Bi sulfite Appearance white - yellowish crystalline powder. It also used bleaching reducing agent .It easily dissolves in water.

(2) You can also use P.P NEUTRA ( Liquid Potasium permanganate Neutralizer ) . PH 5.0 TO 6.0. COLD 10_15 minute drop 2 rainse.

(3) Reducing mg power (powder) potasium permanganate neutralizer.

(4) P.P Neutralizante MN POLVO ( POWDER )
META version .


Bleaching Powder ( CacI02 )

Bleaching powder = others name Calcium hypochlorite,calcium oxychoride,calcium salt.
Bleaching powder is an oxidizing agent. It is used in washing plant for colour out from the garments.
Bleachin powder may be used with cellulose fibers such as cotton, linen, rayon, as well as with some synthetics. It will disintegrate silk and wool fibers.
It also used Discharge wash. Discharge is the process of chemically removing colour from previously dyed fabric.Because not all dyes will discharge in the same way but some affect comes. We can achieve deferent shade of colore on garments . It also better crystal affect comes rapidly with cut foam,thurm ball, cotton ball , pumic ston.
Bleaching powder some times called chloride of Lime.
Excess bleach used purpose harmfull your garments.Do not use exceeding bleaching powder or Rotation machine ( RPM ) If your batch do't lose you.


BLEACHING AGENTS

1= Ruco-STAB EPB 1841,
2= COMMON BLEACH,
3= POWER CHLOR 65%C ,
4= K C I BLEACHING ,
5= Enviram Bleach ( liquid ) ,
6= Bleach Japany ,
7= Bleach China ,
8= Bleach Germany ,
9= Gentle Power Bleach ,
10= Bleach Liquor ( Liquid ) ,
11= CORCRAFT LIQUID BLEACH 12.5% ,


STABLIZER

Stablizer used in washing plant for improvement bleaching process. Stablizing also adjust the decomposition speed of hydrogen peroxide in bleaching bath, saving hydrogen peroxide.some stablizer agent are improved colour yield in dyeing process. The Bleaching bath is composed of hydrogen peroxide as the bleaching agent used generally with caustic soda an activator and stablizers as sodium silicate and silicate free inorganic chemical auxiliary. Stablization of bleach baths of high alkalinity.some stablizer agent for hydrogen peroxide bleaching exhibits outstanding stablizing and chelating properties.

Stablizer Agents

1= Seyco stabilizer FPB ,
2= Seyco stabilizer FPB CONC ,
3= Enviram stab ,
4= Zystab EC ,
5= ZYSTAB ,
6= RUCO- STAB DST ,
7= Maxistab ALK ,
8= ALTRANOL-SC-722 ,
9= Stab H901 ,
10= ABLUTEX ST-600A ,
11= STAB H902 ,
12= Ablutex st -700 ,
13= Serastabil MRS ,
14= SERASTABIL M CONC ,
15= ASUTOL AGE ,
16= Crosprep SF-CS ,
17= CROSPREP MSS .


HYPO ( Na2s2o3 )

Hypo = others name sodium hyposulphite,sodium thiosulfate, sodium hypo chloride.
It typicall colourless crystalas or coarse crystalline powder. It used for washing plant to neutralized the garments from Bleach ( chlorine bleach bath ) .


Hydrogen Peroxide ( H202 )

Hydrogen peroxide other name Dioxidane, oxidany. Hydrogen peroxide is power full chemical and it has antibacterial and antiviral. It used in washing plant for scouring process. It also used bleach bath for improve the bleaching process. It more used neutralization the garments from alkaline condition. Hydrogen peroxide used for fixing considerate for sulpher dyeing.

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE H202 KILLER

Hydrogen peroxide and other peroxy compounds are commonly used for bleaching in preparation of cellulase based fabrics and yarns. If not completely removed,hydrogen peroxide will cause shade change with some fiber reactive dyes . Even a small amount of resudual hydrogen peroxide , particularly left in creases and folds of fabric, causes change in cast of dye resulting in uneven dyeing.So any chemical that kills the residual peroxide in the fiber is called a peroxide killer. All reducing agents are infact peroxide killers. Again we should note that excess presence of reducing agent in the fiber also lead to destruction of dyestuff molecule. Hence a careful selection of a peroxide killer is verry much essential. Now in the market there are many enzymatic peroxide killers available that will remove the residual peroxide and die-off during subsequent dyeing operations at higher temperature.
HYDROGEN Peroxid Killer agent can be used in all processes where hydrogen peroxide H202 is used. PH 4.5 TO <7 . TIME 5 TO 10 Minute.


Hydrogen peroxide killer Agents

1= Invatex PC ,
2= Lorinol PK ,
3= Basopal Pk,
4= Invazyme CAT,
5= ALLOXIL PK ,
6= Americos Catalase XL ,
7= ALLOZYME PK ,
8= PODO PRY PRO ,
9= OXYLASE ,
10= OXYLASE UL ,
11= PEROCLEAN EF,
12= PEROCLEAN ORG ( without enzyme Based ) ,
13= Bioprime LCHN 2103 ,
14= Bioprime LCHN 4200 ,
15= Bioprime Lchn 8502 ,
16= Bioprime LCHN 1005 ,
17= Cryzyme PNR ,
18= PERO CLEAN 50L ,
19= RETRCELL SYNER G ,
20= CROSPREP KFP ,
21= CROSZYME PEK ,


Mostly important Chemicals for Washingplant

1= TANATERGE PURA ,
2= Winscour RDC ,
3= TANATERGE RE ,
4= Altraplex ADW ,
5= Rungplex ADW ,
6= Meteril ADW ,

High Performance after soaping agent for the removal of Reactive dye hydrolysate from dyeing on cellulosics and cellulosic blends.

4= ASUKILL OB ,

Quaternary product to remove Fluorescence of Optical Brighteners Previously applied on to Textiles .

5= ASUDEEP CO ( for cotton ) ,
6= ASUDEEP PES ( for polyester ) ,

Product ( 5 & 6 ) to increase colour depth on cotton & Polyester, to be applied by Foulard .


MORE DETAILS
COLOUR REMOVER CHEMICALS
BELOW ARE SOME CHEMICALS NAME THOSE ARE USED COLOUR REMOVE PROCCESS AN EXCELLENT CHOICE FOR REMOVING DYE FROM COTTON,SILK,NYLON BUT NOT ALL DYES CAN BE REMOVED,

1= POTASIUM PER-MANGANAT ,
2= BLEACH ,
3= WINSCOUR RDC ,
4= IDYE COLOUR REMOVER ,
5= RIT DYE POWDER COLOUR REMOVER ,
6= DISCHARGE PASTE .

Dispersing Agents

1= Avolan IS ,
2= AVOLAN IS ( Liquid ) ,
3= Avolan IW ,
4= Avolan IW ( Liquid ) ,
5= Levegal DLP ,
6= ASUPREND WS ,
7= TANASPERSE OLG-N ,
8= ENVIRAM DISPERSE ( POLYESTER ) ,
9= Podo DSP SEP ( POLYESTER ) ,
10= PODO DSP SEP X ( " ) ,
11= ZYPERSE DLS ,
12= Podo DSP HT ,
13= PODO DSP DENIM ,
14= SEYCO DISPERS ,
15= seyco dispers conc ,
16= Asugal RSL ,
17= Asutol 644 Polvo ,
18= Base Asutol DT ,
19= ASUTOL BJ ,
20= PRODUCTO NJ ,
21= ASUTOL CD 5,


Sequestering

Sequestering agent used in washing plant for dyeing auxiliaries. Sequestering agent are commonly used for removing water hardness. Sequestering agent are also known as chelating agents . Chelation is used in treatment of metal poisoning and in industrial extraction of metals .Sequestering agent are Liquid or granular ( powder ) from . Sequestering agent combine with calcium and magnesium ions and other heavy metal ions in hard water. They from molecules in which the ions are held so sequestered that they can no longer react . The Sequestering agents prevent salts from recontaminating parts . The Sequestering agents may also bind up the active chemicals in a detergent that may decrease the cleaning efficiency and life of a wash bath. Common sequestering agents include => orthophosphate ,orthosilicate, and phosphates , sequestering agents are produced used many washingplant or Textiles industries .The Presence of calcium , magnesium and specially iron affect the dyeing shade and fastness of may dyes and shades. Especially under alkaline conditions they precipitate and form scum .use of sequestering agent in dyeing imparts into brighter and cleaner shades. The feel of the fabric is also improved . The use of sequestering agent also other process. The first sequestering agent in textile processing was EDTA. Now a days many other types of sequestering agents are widely used in textile processing . The three( 3 ) main stages in which sequestering agents as used are.
1= PRETREATMENT ,
2= BLEACHING ,
3= DYEING .


Chelating or Sequesting Agents

1= Sequamax PND ,
2= SEQUAMAX DM ,
3= SEQUAMAX FF ,
4= Verolan EKY ,
5= verolan NBO ,
6= vEROLAN NBT ,
7= VEROLAN NCB ,
8= Chempure-570 ,
9= CROSQUEST HRO ,
10= CROSPREP SD-NA ,


Reducing

The Reducing agent used for textile industry or washing plant . It agent are oxidizing or mild oxidizing agent to prevent the reducing of sensitive dyes in the dye bath and thus avoid fluctuations in shade. The Reducing agent from liquid or powder.This agent for alkaline reductive after clearing of dyeing and print on natural fibres and man made fibres. The reducing agent also stripping of faulty dyeings. It also used machine clean. Reducing agent auxiliary to prevent deterioration of direct dyes that are sensitive to reduction at the boil. Below are some reducing agent name .

Reducing Agents

1= Tanede ARD 01 ,
2= Reducit-ECO ,
3= Tanede LR ,
4= AVCO-CLEAN OGM ,
5= Tanede N 02 ,
6= Tanede RC ,
7= Reducing mg power ( powder ) ,
8= P P Neutralizante MN polvo ,


Dyeing Fixing

The present invention relates to textile after treatment agents. The after treatment agents are dye fixing agents for improving the fastness properties of dyeings and prints, a process for the production thereof and the use thereof. Dyeing and prints often have unsatisfactory wet fastness, especially washing and water fastness, This is found with dyeing carried out using direct dyestuffs , acid dyestuffs and to a lesser extent reactive dyestuffs. Substantive dyestuffs are those which have an affinity with the fiber to which they are applied. All direct dyestuffs are regarded as being substantive to cellulosic materials in nature,whereas the reactive dyes are considred substantive as well as reactive in the case of all reactive dyestuffs. Part of the dyestuff will react chemically with a hydroxyl group on the cellulosic fibre and part of the dyestuff will not react with the fibre but generally will be in a hydrolysed form. The part of the dyestuff which has not chemically reacted with the fibre may be removed by repeated washing.acid dyes have a direct affinity towards protein fibres and are the main type of dyestuff used in wool dyeings. Direct dyestuffar are however the first choice for dyeings cellulosic materials ,having a strong affinity for them. It is undesirable that dyestuff exhibit a lack of wet fastness since the removed dyestuff may be absorbed by undyed textile material being washed in the same washing plant. and in addition the dyed substrate does not retain.its original dyed colour , It is know to treat the textile after dyeing with a dye fixing agent in order to improve the wet fastness of the dye.

Fixing for Reactive and Direct Dyeing

* Reactived or Direct dye Fixing *

1= Seyco Fix RIGHT,
2= Asufix CDF,
3= Seyco Fix PF,
4= Techno Fix,
5= Asufast BHT,
6= FASTASOL RD,
7= Asufast MOLD POLVO,
8= Asufast UV,
9= Asufix FF,
10= Ciba Fix ECO ,
11= Tino Fix FRD ,
12= Cycianon E ,
13= Seyco Fix Dem ,
14= PODO FIX NUR ,
15= ZYFIX NF ,
16= PODO FIX NIW ,
17= ZYFIX RTG ,
18= HYDROCOL BFY ,
19= ZYFIX SPF ,
20= Hydrocol Sun ,
21= CrysoFIX NFD ,
22= CROSCOLOR DRT ,
23= CROSCOLOR CF ,
24= CROSCOLOR FFR/FMP ,


BINDER ( Fixing ) for Pigment Dyeing

* Fixing for pigment dyeing *

1= Arristan fix,
2= NGS8N,
3= Asufix EPF,
4= Helizarin LF,
5= Asufix FF,
6= Denimcol Fix OS,
7= Asufix FPI ,
8= Crysofix DF ,
9= Asufix FPI ,
10= ASUFIX FPI NEW ,
11= Raczol HK 800 ,
12= VCOZOL HB 80 BINDER ,
Denimcol Binder GFC,
13= Helizarin Binder ET-ECO,
14= Helizarin Binder TOW,
15= Arristan Binder CA,
16= Rewin LAN,
17= Silkoblanc BN,
18= Helizarin Binder TX 4737,
19= GOOD BINDER LEGAFINISH MAR ,
20= Crosbinder KAT ,
21= Binder JL-NH ,
22= SPF ,
23= TPSF .


Acid dyeing Fixing

* Fixing for Acid dyeing *

1= Seyco Fix BASE N-45,
2= Asufix PA-EC,
3= Seyco Fix FN ,
4= Seyco Fix Aid,
5= Zyfix IN ,


Fixing for Polyester dye

* Fixing for Polyamide dyeing *

1= Seyco Fix AID,
2= Optifix,
3= Nylofixer,
4= Asugal PAR-25,
5= Seyco Fix Base N-45 ,


Zip Treatment Fixing

* Treatment Fixing used for Peroxide n Bleaching treatment *
=> Zip <=
1= Protector CR2-LF,
2= Protector PA7 Polvo.


Others Fixing

* Others Dyeings use Fixing *
also used for Hand print , colour spray and many more item those are used washing plant.

1= Tubassist Fix-104 w,
2= Tubassist Fix-102 w,
3= Denimcol Binder GFC,
4= Helizarin Binder ET-ECO,
5= Helizarin Binder TOW,
6= Dinimcol Fix Os,
7= Arristan Binder CA,
8= Rewin LAN,
9= Silkoblanc BN,
10= Helizarin Binder TX 4737,


ULTRA SOFT / SOFTENING

The Softner give a handfeel and iproves smoothness and softness. Suitable for all fiber.
Softeners have gained great importance in washingplant finishing. Almost no washingplant leaves the production facilities without being treated with a softener. This softening treatment is to give the washing plant the desired handle,make further processing easier and improve the handling properties. A nice, soft handle is often the decisive criterion for buying a washingplant and is therefore of most vital importance for marketing many washingplant. The Softeners main purpose is to improve the aesthetic properties of washingplant. Softner gives the fabric the desired handle usually with imaginative descriptions such as soft , super soft , smooth .


Softener Classification

( 1 ) Cationic / Nonionic Flax Softner .
( 2 ) Micro / semi micro Emulsion Cilicon .
( 3 ) Hydrophilic , Sanforizing , Amino siloxane .


Softener Agent

1= Tex soft ,
2= Cavamax w7,
3= Cavasol w7 HP TL,
4= Rexamine NE 950 CL,
5= Sepamine csn,
6= softner cws,
7= Advalon HO 111,
8= Wacker Finish WS 60 E,
9= Power Soft FE 55,
10= Vari Soft TA 100,
11= Nano Soft,
12= Sulfanine DM,
13= Tex soft E50,
14= Nano soft RWS,
15= Rewoquat WE 38 DPG,
16= Wacker Jeans 21j,
17= Tego softner VEPO,
18= Tego softner EPO,
19= REXAMINE CS 9195 HL,
20= Softner PI ,
21= Enviram soft NIS ,
22= PODO SOFT C-FLAKE ,
23= podo soft c-426 ,
24= podo soft c-430.
25= Podo soft N- Flake,
26= podo soft N- 426 ,
27= PODO SOFT N-430 ,
28= VCO-SOFT WA ,
29= CROSOFT AMFO-X ,
30= Crosoft NCS ,
31= Denimcol soft HWS ,
32= DENIMCOL SOFT PTS ,

C= Cationic N= Non-ionic.

Don't exess used softener unless lose your shade.
If your shade light you want to dark use => Seyco Soft LM5 CONC 5 G/L OR
Tubingal RGH 5 G/L. Cold temperature 40'c And pH range must be 4-5 and machine Rotation time 5 minute or 10 minute.


Micro Emulsion Cilicon

The Silicone softening emulsions are used in rinse cycle fabric softner formulations. The benefits can include significant improvements in anti-wrinkle results. Ease of ironing eare of wrinkle removal and fabric water absorbency when compared with conventional fabric softeners.

Silicon micro-emulsions=> amino functional silicones have a big importance to washing plant. Their surface smoothening and softening properties are above all other product groups. Micro and semi micro emulsions can be made with specially selected emulsifying recipes using amino functional silicones. They offer a number of advantages which are totally in keeping for modern washing plant finishing.


SILICON / CILICON AGENTS

1= Renfeel super soft ,
2= Cepasoft MIS,
3= Tex MIS,
4= Nanosoft 1140,
5= AMS series,
6= L-128N,
7= PROTE SET AMN 317R,
8= TEGOPREN 6923,
9= Prote set amn 360R,
10= Tegopren 6924,
11= Tego Emulsion 4001s,
12= wacker fluid emulsion c 800,
13= Tego Softener SC-PE5E,
14= WACKER EMULSION C802,
15=XIAMETER MEM 0346,
16= TEGO SOFT BC AH 5EC,
17= TEGOPREN 5864,
18= XIAMETER MEM 1607,
19= TEGOPREN 5884,
20= XIAMETER MEM 8035,
21= Podo soft micro-CNS ,
22= Silico soft 30 ,
23= PODO SOFT CONC ,
24= Silico soft NKG ,
25= silico soft HPS ,
26= ELAM RP CONC ,
27= Crosilco SEMP ,
28= Crosdurin EAR .
29= Crosoft MES ,
30= Crosoft LIS ,
31= Denimcol soft EPD ,
32= Polyavin PEN ,
33= Tubingal 220 ,
34= Tubingal HWS ,
35= Elam Rp Conc ,
36= Soft SIL


Hydrophilic Softener

The Hydrophilic softening and smoothing agent fo all fiber types. Especially for absorptive cellulosic or synthetic fiber,verry soft and fluffy handle. Highly resistant to yellowing/Blackish ton depend upon agents. High process stabillity. Optimized sewability Gentle in washing plant with colour maintenance.

HYDROPHILIC SOFTENER AGENTS

1= Denisil 368,
2= Denimcol Soft RGH,(improve black ton)
3= TUBINGAL RGH,(improve black ton)
4= Rexamine CS 9185 HL,
5= Prote SET FAI,
6= VARISOFT 3696,
7= PROTE CARE PF (only for polyester fibers),
8= Prote spring 958 (only for elastic fibers),
9= Wetsoft CTA,
10= Prote care H-PA (only for man made fibers),
11= Rexamine H-PU,
12= PROTE CARE H-CE (all fibers),
13= Rewoquat W 325 PG (for super white fabric),
14= Z-QUAT TI 10 ZH,
15= VERISOFT 222 LM,
16= Z-QUAT TO 10ZH (improve slightly yellowing),
17= Dow Corning 8600,
18= wet soft NE 820,
19= Xiameter-OFX 8800,
20= Wet Soft NE 810 ,
21= Seyco LUBE YLW ( improve slightly yellowing ) ,
22= Seyco LUBE BAM CONC ,
23= Crosoft 240L ,


The Colour are many below are click you get 1000+ colours name those are used many Garments washingplant and Textile dyeing or others dyeing proccesses =>

A 2 Z Colour Name
CHEMICALS pH LIST
LIST OF CHEMICALS FORMULA
BOOKS ONLY FOR TEXTILE LEARNER
List of Garments printing name
NAME OF WASHINGPLANT MILLS IN BANGLADESH
WASHINGPLANT LAB DIP
WHAT IS THE FORMALDEHYDE IN CLOTHING
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Dear textiles expert , Im Md Sabbir Hosain Shimul, From Setabgonj,Dinajpur,BANGLADESH. im a textile learner and student of practical wet processing.i until during job in Garments washing plant.I Would like to textile blogging,web developing and browsing for textiles education. I also like chemistry. Help or services are free if you need any help just contact me:

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mail me: Shimulahmed715@gmail.com
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